Посмотрите этот пример Past perfect:
Ann went to a party last month. Ben went to the
party too, but they didn’t see each other. Ben left the
party at 9.30 and Ann arrived at 10:30 o’clock.
When Ann arrived at the party, Ben wasn’t there.
He had gone home.
The past perfect tense – употребляется для выражения прошедшего действия, которое совершилось до определенного момента в прошлом. Этот момент может обозначаться:
— обстоятельством времени с предлогом by к
/ by the end of the month / by 2 o’clock yesterday / by that time /
— другим (более поздним по времени) прошедшим действием, которое выражается глаголом в Simple Past.
— past perfect может употребляться и в том случае, когда время, до которого совершилось действие, не указано в самом предложении, а определяется контекстом.
My girlfriend left for London yesterday. She had never been there before. Вчера моя подруга выехала в Лондон. Она никогда не бывала там раньше.
Had gone is the past perfect (simple):
The past perfect simple is had + past participle (done/ written/seen/ worked etc).
Sometimes we talk about something that happened in the past:
Ann arrived at the party.
This is the starting point of the story. Then, if we want to talk about things that happened before this time, we use the past perfect (had … ):
When Ann arrived at the party, Ben had already gone home.
Еще несколько примеров:
When they got home last night, they found that somebody had broken into the flat.
Tim didn’t want to go to the cinema with us because he’d already seen the movie.
At first I thought I’d done the right thing, but I soon realised that I’d made a big mistake.
The woman sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She hadn’t flown before.
or … She had never flown before.
Сравните the present perfect (have seen etc.) and the past perfect (had seen etc.):
Who is that man? I’ve seen him
before, but I can’t remember where.
We aren’t hungry. We’ve just had
The house is dirty. We haven’t
cleaned it for weeks.
I wasn’t sure who he was. I’d seen his
before, but I couldn’t remember where.
We weren’t hungry. We’d just had
The house was dirty. They hadn’t
cleaned it for weeks.
Сравните the past simple (Left, was etc.) and the past perfect (had left, had been etc.):
|past simple||past perfect|
|A: Was Ben there when you arrived?||Was Ben there when you arrived?|
|B: Yes, but he Left soon afterwards.||B: No, he had already Left.|
|Den wasn’t at home when I phoned.||Den had just got home when I phoned.|
|He was at his father’s house.||He had been at his father’s house.|
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