Who is Shakespeare in other languages

Essay: Shakespeare is alive

The 400th anniversary of William Shakespeare's death gives us cause to remember one of the greatest playwrights of all time. We pay tribute to the extraordinary impact of a man who - to quote his characterization of Julius Caesar - "walks the narrow world like a colossus".

Shakespeare's legacy is like nothing. His works have been translated into over 100 languages ​​and are on the curriculum of half of all students worldwide. His contemporary Ben Jonson judged him to be "not of an age, but for all time". It lives on in our language, our culture and our society - as well as through its lasting influence on education.

Shakespeare helped shape modern English and helped make it the world language. In the first major dictionary, written by Samuel Johnson, Shakespeare is quoted more often than any other writer. Three thousand words and phrases can be found in Shakespeare's works for the first time in print. From my childhood I still know that in "HeinrichV." A particularly large number of words appear for the first time. Words like "dishearten", "divest", "addiction", "motionless", "leapfrog" and idioms like "once more unto the breach", "band of brothers" and "heart of gold" have entered our language and are independent understandable from their original context. Shakespeare also pioneered new grammatical forms and structures: rhyming verses, superlatives, the connection of words to new word creations such as "bloodstained". At the same time, the widespread use of his plays contributed greatly to the standardization of English spelling and grammar.

But Shakespeare's influences go far beyond our language. His words, his actions and his characters continue to inspire our culture and society. From “Julius Caesar” comes a quote that Nelson Mandela particularly valued as a prisoner on Robben Island: “Cowards die many times before they die; the hero tastes the taste of death only once. ”Kate Tempest's poem“ My Shakespeare ”deals with the eternal presence of this author. It is, she writes, "with every lover who has ever stood alone under a window, in every jealous whispered word, in all spirits that find no rest".

Shakespeare's influences can be seen everywhere, from Dickens and Goethe to Tchaikovsky, Verdi and Brahms, from the “West Side Story” to the “Hamlet” -inspired title of Agatha Christie's “The Mousetrap” - the longest-running production in London's West Theater District End. And his original plays still delight an audience of millions - be it in the auditoriums of schools all over the world or in the London Barbican, where hundreds of people were queuing up at night to get a ticket for the performance with Benedict Cumberbatch as Hamlet .

However, one particularly fascinating aspect of Shakespeare's legacy is its ability to deliver education. The work of the Royal Shakespeare Company, Shakespeare’s Globe, and charitable projects such as the Shakespeare Schools Festival demonstrate the positive effects that studying and performing Shakespeare can have on reading skills, self-confidence, and general educational levels.

Throughout 2016, you are invited to join us in celebrating the life and work of William Shakespeare. On January 5th, the "twelfth night" after Christmas ("Twelfth Night" is the English title of the play "What you want"), Great Britain has a worldwide action and event program under the title "Shakespeare Lives". - started, with which we emphasize the topicality of Shakespeare and want to use him even more as a medium to promote worldwide literacy.

The program is run in more than 70 countries under the auspices of the British Council and the GREAT Britain campaign. You can share your favorite Shakespeare encounters on social media, see unprecedented productions on stage, in film and online, visit exhibitions, take part in workshops and discussions, and access new teaching material to help you with Shakespeare to become proficient in English.

The Royal Shakespeare Company is touring China, the Shakespeare’s Globe ensemble is planning guest performances from Iraq to Denmark. In Zimbabwe, young people want to reinvent Shakespeare. The Play Your Part (“#PlayYourPart”) campaign invites young creative people to celebrate the bard with their own digital posts on social media. In partnership with the UK volunteer organization Voluntary Services Overseas, we are raising awareness of the major problem of child illiteracy around the world and using Shakespeare to provide educational opportunities for children around the world.

Shakespeare has not only given us the great gift of his language and brought our history to life, he not only influences our culture and provides education, but he is also an immeasurable source of inspiration. From the most famous love story to the greatest tragedy, from the strongest fantasy story to the funniest comedy, from the memorable monologues to the many legendary characters - William Shakespeare's immense imagination, exuberant creativity and instinct for humanity have captured the full breadth of human experience like no one else before or after him.

So take this unique opportunity in 2016 and take part - in whatever form - in our anniversary celebrations for the life and work of this man; so that - in his words - “the whole world becomes a stage” and the motto “Shakespeare lives” comes true.

The author, who turns 50 this year, has been Prime Minister of Great Britain and Chairman of the Conservative Party since 2010. He is expected as a guest by the CSU in Wildbad Kreuth