How do airsoft guns work

Airsoft AEG? | What types of weapons are there?

Softair with spring pressure

Airsoft guns that work on the basis of spring pressure get their energy from spring tension. I.a. these airsoft guns will too Jumping guns or spring powered guns called.

The projectile or the BB is not accelerated directly by the helical spring, but rather by the air pressure generated when the said spring accelerates forward. It must be clear to the player that he has to reload the airsoft weapon before each shot.

That is one of the main differences to the Airsoft AEG. With pistols * this can be achieved by repeating the slide or with many shotgun / pump gun replicas by operating the fore-end. Jumping guns cannot be semi or fully automatic. In the mechanics of electrically operated airsoft pistols, tension springs are of course also used, but they are not counted as jumping guns.

Spring-operated airsoft rifles are in the lower price segment and can be a sensible and inexpensive entry-level weapon. The prices start at around 30-40 €, with hardly any limits in the upper price segment for electric airsoft guns.

Professional airsoft sniper rifles can quickly cost around 1200 € and for everyone for whom money is not too important there are limited custom-made rifles, such as here. B. the self-made airsoft minigun, an Austrian company for a mere 7200 €.


Gas-powered airsoft guns

Airsoft guns that run on gas use the propellant gases to accelerate a BB. In this way, both semi-automatic and fully automatic machines are possible. Unlike paintball, where many players operate their weapons with carbon dioxide or compressed air, Airsoft uses the terms green gas or red gas (weak to strong), based on propane.

Initially, Airsoft guns liquid gases are used, which is why the built-in system required two tanks. A tank for the actual propellant and another one as an expansion tank to prevent liquid from getting into the Airsoft when the firing rate is high.

Another problem was the strong cooling effect of the expanding gases, which led to an airsoft gun losing its function or rubber seals icing up and thus becoming unusable.

These weaknesses have been eliminated in current propellants. The use of propellants also has a positive effect when it comes to imitating the feeling of a real weapon. In some gas-powered airsoft rifles, so-called blow-back systems are built in, which simulate the recoil when firing, as with "sharp rifles". However, the weapons law only allows in Germany semi-automatic airsoft rifles with this function.


Electric Airsoft guns (Airsoft AEG)

Electric airsoft guns, or for short Airsoft AEG, which stands for Automatic Electric Gun, have a battery-powered electric motor. The motor has its own gearbox, which tensions a helical spring (similar to spring-loaded airsoft guns) with reciprocating pistons in a two-phase cycle. If the player pulls the trigger on his softgun, the spring is tensioned in the first step and released in the second step.

The piston shoots forward and creates the compressed air pressure required to propel the projectile. Current models * achieve a fire frequency of more than 1000 rounds / minute. So there is a Airsoft AEG in no way inferior to the real, fully automatic model in terms of firing frequency.

When using 0.20 BBs, standardized models achieve a projectile speed of a good 160 m per second. The batteries used are nickel metal hydride batteries (NiMH) and nickel cadmium batteries (NiCd) with a voltage of approx. 8.4 volts. Increasing the voltage affects the rate of fire and increasing the amperage increases the operating time.

Last update on 05/23/2021 / Affiliate Links / Images from the Amazon Product Advertising API