Is the NIOS trademark sheet valid in Canada?
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02/18/1879 With the number 11023 a US design patent appeared for a design that is still world-famous today: AugusteBartholdi, of Paris, France, received it for "Design for a Statue". What is meant is that statue of Liberty in New York, representing "Liberty enlightening the world" as it says in the text of the patent. (At depatisnet there are four hits, it is number 1, with the font type code S)
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On December 31, 2008, the US Treasury Department became one of the world's largest patent holders for automotive technology. That day the General Motors Corporation from Detroit or their patent exploitation division GM GTO (GM Global Technology Operations Inc.) over 5,700 US patents and patent applications under a Loan and Security Agreement with the United States Department of the Treasury. This security was part of the government's requirement to get several billion dollars in government aid. See also: http://www.treas.gov/initiatives/eesa/agreements/GM%20Agreement%20Dated%2031%20December%202008.pdf, file size 6 MB, and database of the US Patent Office)
Since July / August 2009, most of the patents are back with GM Global Technology Operations Inc., after a short detour via Citicorp USA, Inc.
However, around 750 of them were transferred to the Motors Liquidation Company, the new name of the old General Motors company. General Motors, which was founded after the bankruptcy proceedings, has been 72.5% owned by the US Treasury Department and the governments of Canada and Ontario since July 10, 2009. Press releaseA lot of patents were also given to the "UAW Retiree Medical Benefits Trust", a fund of Transferred auto union which owns 17.5% of General Motors. Look here
How much know-how from General Motors comes from Opel? Approx. 11% of all GM GTO patent applications come from Germany. Research status September 2009.
Who wants to know exactly, Here
an / gm and global and technology and operations and icn / de
QualityMorals, more precisely the violation of public order or morality, excludes inventions from patent protection.
§ 2 Patent Act: No patents are granted for inventions the commercial exploitation of which would violate public order or morality; ......
This regulation is mostly mentioned in connection with biotechnology patents. See for example these declarations from the European Patent Office.
The press reported years ago about a somewhat different patent application, which was rejected by the DPMA for this reason:
DE 10 2007 051 890 A1 An inventor from Saudi Arabia, who would probably have gone to a psychologist instead of a patent attorney, registered an electronic chip in 2007 which, implanted in the human body, should be used to monitor the whereabouts of the person. The idea was to "political adversaries" and everyone "who was sentenced to prison for drug trafficking or for activities that endanger security or for political reasons".
But it gets even worse, another embodiment provides: "Model B, however, has an additional element, namely the" punishment chamber "(element 6 in drawing 2), this chamber being filled with a poisonous agent (e.g. cyanide) and is isolated from the body, unless we want to eliminate this person for safety reasons, then this agent is released into his body by remote control via the satellites. This chamber can also contain explosive material (as an alternative to the execution method of this person), and in the same form and Way as described above, is activated. [SIC] ". On 09/30/2009 the application was rejected by the DPMA in the preliminary proceedings.
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Infringement, in German "patent infringement". Has a US secret service spied on a German company?
(Wind turbines near Yucca Valley, California, March 2008)
In February 1991, the Californian company U.S. Windpower, Inc. filed an American patent entitled "Variable Speed Wind Turbine". Also in 1991 the company Enercon GmbH from Aurich in Lower Saxony began to develop their 500 kW wind energy system "E-40".
On January 21, 1992 the patent of the company U.S. Windpower Inc. granted. In 1993 the development of the E-40 was finished, serial production began and Enercon GmbH was in negotiations with the US company New World Power Corp. on deliveries of the equipment for a project in Washington State. In the same year the patent holder "US Windpower" was renamed "Kenetech Windpower".
On February 28, 1994, New World Power Corp. an offer for a wind power plant project in Big Spring, Texas and wanted to use German E-40 systems from Enercon there, as had already been planned for Washington. A total of 280 wind turbines were to be exported to the USA.
3 weeks later, on March 21, 1994, 2 Kenetech employees and an engineer from Oldenburg gained access to an E-40 wind turbine near Wilhelmshaven.
In January 1995, Kenetech sued Enercon GmbH for infringement of claims 121 and 131 of its patent in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The lawsuit was dismissed on procedural grounds.
April 21, 1995: Kenetech sued Enercon with the United States International Trade Commission, (ITC Investigation No. 337-TA-376)
August 30, 1996 The United States International Trade Commission imposed an import ban on Enercon wind turbines due to possible patent infringement until the patent expires on February 1, 2010. Kenetech did not enjoy the legal success for long, the company filed for bankruptcy in 1996.
The bankruptcy of the annoying competitor was of little use to Lower Saxony, because the US company Zond Energy Systems, Inc. took over the patent. Enercon GmbH also lost the patent infringement dispute against Zond, for example in August 1998 before the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and in October 1998 at the highest US court, the Supreme Court.
Finally, Enercon tried to re-examine the patent, called reexamination, but the US Patent Office confirmed the validity of the patent on November 16, 1999. At the time, Enercon put the loss due to the lost US business at a three-digit million DM amount.
A patent infringement dispute that happens all the time?
Well, in this case an American secret service is supposed to do that NSA, National Security Agency from Fort Meade, Maryland.
This accusation was raised for the first time in the WDR magazine Plusminus on April 14, 1998. Magazines, several books, a seminar paper and the Internet then dealt with the topic. The secret service operation even made it into a report by the European Parliament, which notes that the Enercon case is reported very differently. You can say that because:
The thing happened on March 21, 1994, or was it spied since the late 1980s? Sometimes the spies came in the late afternoon, sometimes it was 9:30 a.m. Were the data lines tapped, even broken into the research center in Aurich, or just climbed onto a wind turbine near Wilhelmshaven? Everyone tells different things, but maybe it all happened.
And what did the NSA do with the findings? Everyone agrees here that they have been passed on to Kenetech Windpower.
They applied for their patent in the year 1991, with which in the year 1994 stolen knowledge. Hello?
Only the action of March 1994 is proven, at that time the documents and photos of the E-40 system were made that Kenetech presented in the proceedings before the International Trade Commission.
Did you need the NSA to take notes and photos on the E-40? The owner of the plant was a member of the board of the forerunner association of the later "Bundesverband Windenergie e.V." On March 21, 1994, he allowed an engineer from Oldenburg, a former employee of the "German Wind Energy Institute" and 2 people from Kenetech to view his E-40. So I imagine an espionage operation differently. Incidentally, the E-40 machine house could already be viewed by a specialist audience at the EWEC conference in Travemünde in 1993.
But what if the NSA had been spying on Enercon since the late 1980s and Kenetech patented what the secret service learned from tapping data lines in distant Lower Saxony? Then the Americans would not have learned anything about the E-40, because according to the Enercon website it started 1991 first the development of the gearless systems that finally 1993 with the serial production of the E-40 was completed. The US patent was already on 01.02.1991 submitted.
It was never about the blades or the generator working without a gearbox. The disputed claim 131 is about how, in a wind turbine with variable speed, the electricity of variable frequency generated by the generator is converted into electricity with a constant frequency (mains frequency, in the USA 60 Hz). Does the patent claim technology from Lower Saxony?
This is exactly what Enercon contested before the United States International Trade Commission! In the Enercon company magazine "Windblatt" 02/2003 it says about the patent dispute that the Enercon inverter works differently than the one protected by the GE patent. (GE stands for the General Electric Company, the patent was transferred to General Electric in 2002.) However, the Americans came to the conclusion that the cleverly formulated patent claim also covers the technology used by Enercon in the E-40. A technique that, in the opinion of Enercon's lawyers, was old hat, because in the reexamination proceedings initiated by Enercon before the US patent office, specialist books from the 1980s were cited as evidence that Kenetech did not invent anything new in 1991.
The patent, with which one could keep the Germans at a distance, was also applied for in Europe and granted as EP 569556 B1 on December 30th, 1998. There were 10 objections, not only from Aurich von Enercon but from 9 other European companies in the energy sector. Enercon justified its objection by stating that the technology was known from the literature of the 1980s. Although Enercon had been using the inverter with a largely unchanged basic concept since 1986, it was not possible to argue against the patents with obvious prior use, since the things were constructed differently than the ones described in the patents. ("Windblatt" 02/2003, page 11)
If the Americans really spied, why did they patent technology that, according to Enercon, was already known from the specialist literature and also differed from that used at Enercon?
My conclusion: Lower Saxony simply failed to find out about possible violations of property rights at an early stage when they were involved in the USA. But one has learned from it. The company's managing director filed his first US patent in 1998, and to date the patent databases have recorded well over 200 other US applications and issued patents. (In a joint press release on May 10, 2004, Enercon GmbH and General Electric Company announced that they had settled their patent litigation by means of a cross-license on a worldwide and long-term basis.)
I consider industrial espionage in this matter by the American secret service NSA to be a fairy tale. The reason for interest in the E-40 facility in March 1994 was to obtain material for patent infringement proceedings. Defending your own patents and taking action against third-party patents is quite normal. As of 2008, Enercon GmbH itself has filed an objection against a dozen European patents from competitors.
One question remains, how did Kenetech know that Enercon wanted to export to the US? But even without the NSA, it would have come out in March 1995 at the latest, when the planned purchase of German E-40 systems was announced at the American Wind Energy Association conference in Washington, D.C.
For further reading: website of Enercon GmbH, Enercon magazine "Windblatt" 2/2003. (No longer available on the Enercon website.)
Manuscript of the program "Plusminus", unfortunately only to be seen on www.archive.org.
"Treason among friends" Zeit Online 40/1999
European Parliament, report on the Echelon interception system (192 pages; 1.28 MB)
Investigation No. 337-TA-376 of the US International Trade Commission. (164 pages; 7.26 MB)
The reexamination procedure at the US Patent Office, Public Pair, enter the US patent number 5083039.
Electronic file inspection at the European Patent Office, select "Publication number" and enter EP569556. Research for objections is also possible.
"Enercon reports: industrial espionage and approx. 250 million DM loss", in: Wind Kraft Journal & Natural Energies, issue 2/96, page 36
Udo Ulfkotte, Thieves' Market Place: How industrial espionage plunders and ruins German companies, 1st edition, 1999, page 32ff, ISBN 3-570-00198-9
Iran - Israel It is rather rare that in the description of a patent the Islamic Republic Iran mentioned.
Well, that's the case in Israeli patent IL 163609 B. The patent published on December 29, 2011 is about being able to get a more precise picture of the success of an interception measure. e.g. against Iranian "Shihab" missiles. (German spelling usually "Shahab). Applicant is Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. Title of the patent" Method for obtaining a sky view of a battle site ". In the patent description, the background of the invention is explained (including grammatical errors):
"... Some missiles such as the one known as the" Arrow ", manufactured by Israel Aircraft Industries, is capable of destroying enemy ground-to-ground ballistic missile such as the" Scud "series manufactured by the former Soviet Union and upgraded by other countries, or the "Shihab" series manufactured by the Islamic republic of Iran ... "
A patent application in the USA must include a declaration of the inventor. In this "declaration", the applicant must confirm with his signature that he is convinced that he is the real inventor. Example:
The inventor who signed here on 08/25/1992 is the one who unfortunately died early King of Pop, Michael Jackson.
Together with two co-inventors, he received US Patent 5255452 on October 26, 1993, "Method and means for creating anti-gravity illusion". It is about dance shoes with special heels that have a recess. With this, the dancer hooks himself into corresponding counterparts on the floor and can lean very far forward without tipping over from his pines. This trick can be seen in the video for Smooth Criminal on Youtube. (Around 7:30 minutes).
Two things are still of interest to the patent historian: The original inventor's declaration was not signed by either Jackson or the two other inventors, and the US patent office had to issue a letter dated July 21, 1992 to remind them of the missing signatures in the original inventor's declaration. Strange that his patent attorneys Drucker & Sommers, of posh Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, 90212, overlooked a matter of course.
What they did not overlook, however, was to apply for a reduction in patent fees. This works in US patent law if you have the "small entity" status. Independent inventors and small businesses with fewer than 500 employees are considered to be "small entities". This saves at least half of the patent fees. In 1993 Michael Jackson also benefited from the 50 percent reduction in patent fees. He graduated two years earlier Sony from the record deal with the highest payoff up to then. Later, the King of Pop was no longer interested in the patent; it expired in October 2005 due to unpaid patent fees. (Source: USPTO, Patent Application Information Retrieval PAIR, there Image file wrapper)
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Dyslexics find it difficult to learn to read and write. According to some studies, dyslexia could be genetic. This is where the patent DE 11 2009 001 722B4 comes in. It protects a procedure for diagnosing dyslexia. The applicant for the patent is the Fraunhofer Society for the Promotion of Applied Research in Munich.
The whole thing goes like this: a) Providing a sample of said human outside the human body, this sample comprising DNA; b) determining the genotype of at least one SNP present in said DNA selected from the SNPs rs2057482 and rs2301113; c) comparing the genotype of said at least one SNP with dyslexia associated genotypes, wherein the genotypes homozygous major (i.e. G) and heterozygous (i.e. A / G) for rs2057482 and homozygous minor (i.e. C) for rs2301113 are associated with dyslexia; d) Assignment of dyslexia to said person based on said comparison.
Wouldn't it be nice if you could predict who will win or lose on the stock market? Or, in English: "Methods and systems for analyzing and predicting market winners and losers", according to the title of US patent 7263502 B1, issued on 08/28/2007, (then) patent holder Lehman Brothers Inc. New York. Exactly, the Lehman Bank that had to file for bankruptcy in 2008.
With the invention "... investors may predict when to hold some stocks long and others short over various time period, thereby maximizing the profitability of a portfolio." Cheeky and freely translated, for example, a guide on how to gamble with stocks in order to maximize the profits in the portfolio. The patent is filed in US class 705, where you can find the "Business methods" patents among the Americans. Lehman Brothers had dozens of patent applications and some issued patents over trading, loans, swaps, interest rate, financial instruments, annuity risk management, investment strategyetc. Seemed to have somehow not worked. This may contribute to the discussion as to whether "business methods" should also be made available for patent protection in Europe.
As of October 2008, Barclays Capital Inc., 200 Park Avenue, New York is the new one Assignee, in German about assignee, legal successor, of Lehman Brothers Inc. patents and patent applications. (For "ownership" searches, i.e. searching for rightholders in US patents, see the
Patent Assignment Database at the US Patent and Trademark Office. It's amazing how many American patents there are Deutsche Bank AG already heard. But there are only security interest Assignments, i.e. security interests in patents that were returned after a short time.)
HeinrichLuebke was the second Federal President of the Federal Republic from 1959 to 1969. From 1926 he was an executive board member of the German peasantry, this organization was dissolved in 1933. In January 1936, a few months after he came out of pre-trial detention, he registered the German patent 661767: "Method for producing a seed tape", it was granted on June 2, 1938.
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the USA from 1861 to 1865, received US Patent 6,469 for "Buoying Vessels Over Shoals", May 22, 1849, filed on March 10, 1849
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Anyone who likes model railways knows the Swabian company Gebr. Märklin & Cie GmbH. In the beginning the toy trains were still driven by clockworks, patented by Märklin as "Drive for Toy Vehicles" on August 31, 1905 in DE Patent 173717. Others were operated with steam power, see e.g. DE Patent 323232 "Toy Steam Engine with Kessel" from April 16, 1919 .
When operating a computer, e.g. to create such a strange website, one also uses one mouse. Douglas C. Engelbart of Palo Alto, California, applied for a patent for this device on June 21, 1967: US 3541541, title: "X-Y position indicator for a display system". It was granted on November 17, 1970.
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On November 1, 1943, Harvard Professor Louis Frederick Fieser (1899-1977) registered with the US Patent Office an invention that the world had been waiting for. US 2606107, entitled "Incendiary Gels", better known to laypeople by the name Napalm, formed from the words N / Aphtenic acid and Palmitic acid. In the first paragraph of the patent description, Fieser waives any income from his invention if it is used for government purposes. She did that in the Second World War and especially in the Vietnam War.
The Nobel Prize for physics went to Prof. Dr. Peter Grünberg from Jülich and Albert Fert from the University of Paris. Until then, Prof. Grünberg had 23 patents and patent applications, his colleague from France had 22 patents and applications.
The last German Nobel Prize winner in physics was Theodor Hänsch from Garching in 2005. He shared the Nobel Prize with John L. Hall and Roy J. Glauber from the United States. Hänsch has also recognized the benefits of the patent system and is represented in the patent databases with 47 patents and applications. Back to Prof. Grünberg, in the journal Physical Review B 39, March 1989, pages 4828-4830, he published the article "Enhanced magnetoresistance in layered magnetic structures with antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange". Months before that, in June 1988, he applied for his most important patent, DE 38 20 475 C1. Because at the nuclear research facility - (today research center) Jülich, they knew that their own scientific publication would also prevent the granting of a patent, so go to the patent office beforehand, then publish. The Grünberg patent revolutionized the construction of hard disk drives. How much does that bring in? In its press release of July 6, 2004, Forschungszentrum Jülich mentions almost 13 million euros in license income from the invention of Prof. Grünberg.
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Everyone has one before Paper planes folded. But Dennis L. Moorhead from St. Louis applied for a patent for his "glider made of folded material" in January 1907 in Germany, DE 202334, also in England, GB 2217 (to search in espacenet, enter GB 190702217) and first in his home country, the USA on November 30th, 1906, US 865419. Those who want to find further paper airplane patents can search the IPC class A63H 27/16 "Flying toys made by folding from paper".
07/22/1873 US Patent No. 141072, Louis Pasteur, of Paris, France, "Improvement in the manufacture of beer and yeast" We have one of the first biotech patents here.
Twenty years before Thomas Alva Edison invented the phonograph, Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville received the French patent 17897 for the phonautograph on March 25, 1857.
But while Edison's device could also reproduce sounds, the Frenchman's invention was only intended for recording sounds. However, Earl Cornell and Carl Haber from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory succeeded in making a phonautograph recording from 1860 audible again in March 2008. "Au claire de la lune, Pierrot répondit", more than this fragment of the song could not be converted. The scratching can be heard at: http://www.firstsounds.org/sounds/1860-Scott-Au-Clair-de-la-Lune.mp3
And since it is not yet included in the patent databases, here is the Phonautograph patent from 1857 as a PDF (379 KB file size). Swell:
San Francisco Chronicle, March 29, 2008, pages A1 and A7 and
Description des Machines et Procédés pour lesquels des Brevets d'invention ont été pris sous le Régime de la Loi du 5 Juillet 1844. Publiée par les Ordres de M. Le Ministre de l'Agriculture, du Commerce et des Travaux Publics. Tome Soixantième. Paris, Imprimerie Impériale - M DCCC LXVII
The little ones can be found in numerous children's rooms Playmobil Characters. The toy figure patent was registered by the company Geobra Brandstätter GmbH & Co. KG from Zirndorf in 1972 and granted with the number DE 2205525 C2 by the patent office on June 23, 1981.
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Section 36 of the German Road Traffic Licensing Regulations (StVZO) says: "Are considered to be pneumatic tires tireswhose work capacity is mainly determined by the overpressure of the trapped air. "Robert William Thomson registered such a tire in England on December 10th, 1845. No. GB 10990 of 1845. This patent seems to have not been properly recognized by John Boyd Dunlop filed its patent number GB 10607 in 1888, although it did not differ much from the Thomson patent.
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