What is the procedure of chemotherapy

chemotherapy

Curative chemotherapy

Advances in the have made it possible to treat certain types of cancer even when large tumor masses are presentexclusive administration of chemotherapeutic agentsto heal. In this case one speaks of a curative one.

Adjuvant chemotherapy

Even if it has been completely removed by surgery, we know from scientifically proven analyzes that some of the patients have already spread cancerous foci in the body. Without appropriate follow-up treatment, these - initially undetectable - can be the smallestTumor settlements(Micro-metastases) grow and spread further in the body.

In these cases, an adjuvant is carried out, which kills these smallest settlements.

Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy

This means that thesurgery, but alreadybeforeis carried out. The aim of this measure is to reduce the size and thus create the possibility of preserving the tumor-affected organ during the operation.

Palliative chemotherapy

In the case of advanced cancer, a palliative treatment can achieve complete regression of the tumor and thus a longer survival with a good quality of life.

Side effects

Most of them act not only on the cancer cells alone, but also on the healthy tissue, the cells of which divide rapidly. These include the rapidly growing cells of the bone marrow and the digestive tract, the hair follicles, etc. Therefore, side effects such as changes in the blood count, nausea, vomiting, hair loss and fatigue occur (Fatigue) and exhaustion.

After discontinuation, most of the "normal" cells recover quickly and the side effects gradually disappear.