Can Christian women wear a hijab

by Gudrun Nositschka                                                                              

Without considering the positions of women in the societies of the monotheistic religions that have shaped Europe, i.e. Judaism and Christianity, as well as the struggles of Jewish and Christian women, especially since the French Revolution, for gender equality, the concern of many is Feminists on the demands of some Muslims in Role model functions in today's societynot to understand wanting to wear a headscarf covering the neck and hair.

All rights to which women in Germany have only been formally entitled since 1949 - the implementation has in some cases been a long time coming - such as the criminal liability of rape in marriage or the eviction of husbands from housing in the event of the use of force - were against the teachings and interpreters the Bible won. (Also with the help of other men, including Christians)

Jewish and Christian girls and women learned and learn to this day that according to the 10th commandment of the OT they are the property of fathers or husbands, that menstrual and birth blood makes women dirty, and that they can only be "clean" again through certain rites. for the practice of religion and the man can become. In some areas of Germany cath. Allow women to “bless” after the birth of a child until the Second Vatican Council in 1965, before they were again allowed to attend mass and receive communion.

Almost 2000 years ago, the apostle Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians, chapter 11, with verses 3-16, also gender history, especially women's history. There women are instructed to cover their long hair (short hair was a disgrace) when they “prophesied” in the community. Otherwise they would have to be silent in the community anyway. Through later male interpretations this instruction was extended to all areas of life of women, so that today it is still fundamentalist - Christian. There are faiths in which women have to wear headgear (shawls), definitely in worship.

These include the Pentecostals, the Mennonites, some Eastern European Baptists, all Orthodox parishes.

Despite wearing headscarves, women from these Christian groups would never get permission from their husbands to study and / or teach in a secular school, nor would they become judges or kindergarten teachers in a secular institution.

Note: In contrast to Judaism, Paul now decreed Christian men bareheaded to stand before their God, since they were God's image.

We other women, who believe that we have left these religious tutelage and restrictions behind us, are now confronted with other patriarchal effects such as pornography, trafficking in women, reproductive technologies, and fashion dictation. The misogynistic western patriarchy has shifted its fields of activity from religion to the commodity market of capital. So we are now fighting against it and suddenly experience a visible additional confrontation from our Muslim co-mates.

Let us therefore consider the youngest offspring of the Abrahamic religions - Islam.

With the approval of his God and his devout men, he has come across as more progressive in many areas from a woman's point of view than the Christian groups, is basically less hostile to sex, even if it is primarily about the joys of the man, but also his duties "his wife, to work the field ”.

As in Judaism - partly also in Christianity - the turns respective God always on his Men, and teaches them to regulate the way women live. So also in Islam.

Here the regulation says that the Wives and daughters of believers should be instructed to cover her charms, to protect her from the pursuits of foreign Muslims, however also for the self-protection of devout Muslims. Just Covered women (the type of covering is not prescribed) are therefore sexually taboo for men who do not belong to the family.

Especially sura 33, verses 58 and 59, is primarily intended to protect Muslim men from their own desire for women, but also to protect them Conflict avoidance with the others male believers and their property, i.e. wife / daughter. So this is about an agreement between devout Muslim men, a kind of territorial delimitation.

Conversely, this would mean: uncovered women (i.e. without a headscarf, without a chador, or burka) are defenseless, outlawed, and can be sexually and verbally attacked.

Ask young Muslim women without a headscarf. Also, ask non-Muslim teachers and detectives who have a lot to do with Muslim boys and young men or their fathers what they should hear from them in face-to-face conversations.

My conclusion is that this Muslim-male regulation of covering stimuli for women has nothing to do with religion and nothing with female identity, but all the more with sexism, and therefore contradicts our basic law.

I know teachers personally - in Berlin, Hamburg and in the Ruhr area - whose nerves are on edge and who therefore retire years earlier with discounts to escape verbal attacks by Muslim fathers and boys at school. A female detective in my region confided in me that she was seriously considering interrogating young Muslim men only in the presence of a colleague, but was worried that she would no longer be considered a full-fledged police officer.

Every more headscarf in schools - worn by teachers - will give us more problems with Muslim boys and men.

In addition, the psychological pressure on Muslim girls who have not yet worn a headscarf or the like is increased. And the majority of them are still there.

We women in Germany have enough problems to repeatedly secure our hard-won rights against the state and churches, which benefit all women living here. We need the solidarity of Muslim women for this fight, no additional problems, no appeal to our toleranceif they are under the Cloak more supposedReligious freedom as teachers, kindergarten teachers and lawyers "voluntarily" want to cover up in order to make themselves visible as the "honor of their husbands".

On the other hand, I reject a “headscarf ban” on Muslims outside the public service and institutions that perform public tasks. But what would I feel if Muslim schoolgirls “voluntarily” wanted to wear the burqa at once?


January 23, 2010, added August 2014