Reduces restorative justice fallbacks

Crime Prevention through Restorative Justice - Evidence from Empirical Research

Evidence-Oriented Crime Prevention in Germany pp 859-886 | Cite as

  • Thomas Trenczek
  • Arthur Hartmann
First Online:
  • 1Citations


After a preceding explanation of the term, in the second section we describe the characteristic elements of the Restorative Justice Approach (RJ), which differ from traditional penalties in criminal law, without which an appropriate assessment of the crime preventive effects of RJ is not possible. In the third and fourth part, the empirical results on the practice and effectiveness of RJ programs in Germany, in particular the mediation in criminal law conflicts to enable a so-called perpetrator-victim reconciliation (TOA) are presented. This is followed by empirical findings on the special and general preventive effect of RJ procedures in Germany and internationally. The investigations do not provide any basis for fears that RJ proceedings could have an unfavorable effect on legal probation. Overall, the current state of research suggests a significantly more intensive use of mediation in criminal matters, also from a crime prevention perspective.


Restorative Justice Offender-victim reconciliation Mediation in criminal matters Conflict mediation Conflict settlement Comparative relapse investigation Effect evaluation Nationwide perpetrator-victim reconciliation statistics Victim orientation Community / community orientation
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Hannover, Germany
  2. 2.BremenGermany