Is indie metal a genre
Heavy metal (or "Metal") is a music genre and a music scene that is broken down into numerous sub-genres. As examples: Death Metal, Black Metal, Doom Metal, Gothic Metal, Power Metal, Thrash Metal, Progressive Metal and a few more.
Important actors, albums and songs
Important bands: Accept, Black Sabbath, Hammerfall, Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, Mayhem, Manowar, Megadeth, Metallica, Nightwish (current), Slayer, Warlock, Tankard, Kreator, Blind Guardian, Scorpions ...
The genre name "Heavy Metal", which translated means nothing else than "Heavy Metal", was first used in a pop culture context by William S. Burroughs in his novels The Soft Machine (1962) and Nova Express (1964) used. One of his stories was “Uranus-Willy, the heavy metal kid”. Musically it probably got through Born To Be Wild (1968) first celebrity from Steppenwolf. This text says: "I like smoke and lightning, heavy metal thunder". The term was probably first referred to directly to music by Sandy Pearlman of Blue Öyster Cult.
Black Sabbath can be described as the fathers of Heavy Metal in the musical sense, who with their distorted guitar sound as well as with occult themes and striking appearance (long hair, dark clothes, etc.) used style elements for the first time in the 1970s that were still up to are now considered typical of the scene. Numerous bands followed the example of the English around Ozzy Osbourne and Tony Iommi.
Since the beginning of the 1980s, metal experienced a small boom, which helped many bands to gain international fame. The so-called NWoBHM (New Wave of British Heavy Metal), to which Iron Maiden and Saxon in particular are counted. These bands were strongly influenced by bands like Judas Priest and Motörhead and are still among the absolute greats of the scene.
Also in the 1980s the scene began to break down: Death Metal and Thrash Metal were born. Well-known Thrash Metal acts from this time are Slayer, Exodus, Testament from the USA (“Bay Area” Thrash) and Sodom, Kreator and Destruction from Germany. In classic metal, bands like Warlock (around Doro Pesch), Manowar, Accept and Grave Digger were honored. Some of these bands enjoyed great commercial success.
At the beginning of the 1990s, Black Metal developed in Scandinavia (hpts. Norway), which is influenced by Venom and some death metal bands. The English band Venom gave up this genre with their album Black metal also the name. Otherwise they had very little in common with the music and the black metal scene as we know it today. In Norway, a scene developed around the bands Mayhem and Burzum that referred to itself as the "Inner Circle" or Black Circle. Bands from this orbit are Immortal, Emperor and Darkthrone. The momentum of the scene developed in such a way that its members achieved a better status through as "bad" deeds as possible. In the early 90s numerous churches were set on fire and some people were killed - including the band leader of the founding band Mayhem, Oystein "Euronymous" Aarseth, who was stabbed to death by Varg Vikernes, the band leader from Burzum.
Metal as a whole suffered from these acts. The emerging wave of grunge and a lack of commercial success contributed to the fact that metal was considered dead by many in the early 1990s. Innovative bands such as Metallica and Pantera, however, were also able to attract other music listeners to metal thanks to their crossover appeal, and varieties such as rap metal or progressive metal expanded the spectrum of the genre. Today there are more bands than ever and Metal, as one of the few scenes, has a well-organized and very loyal underground. Festivals like the Wacken Open Air show this clearly. The sales of "classic" metal bands are also increasing again, which is also due to the fact that the average metal artist is very loyal to his heroes and buys every record as well as the entire back catalog and a lot of merchandise.
The metalworker, as they like to call themselves, usually wears long hair and dark clothes. In addition to long hair, tattoos and piercings are also typical. Mostly you can also find army boots and shirts with band logos as well as leather jackets and leather trousers or trousers. A special item of clothing for the metalworker is the so-called cowl. This is a denim jacket or vest (mostly blue jeans, but now also many black ones), on which numerous patches and badges of the wearer's favorite bands can be found. There are also many other objects that have a personal meaning for the wearer. Chains and even bones are also attached to it. The so-called back patch is usually found on the back: a large patch of the wearer's absolute favorite band.
It is not uncommon for a habit to be created when the future wearer steals the beloved denim jacket from his father's wardrobe and cuts off the sleeves. One of the rules that a cowl wearer should observe if he wants to be recognized with his favorite piece is that the cowl must never be washed. All the dust and dirt that the habit was in at the numerous concerts and festivals should be preserved. In addition, the habit often has to serve as a signature area for the stars of the scene. These autographs can fade or disappear after washing. The habit is seen as an object that changes with its owner. Just like the wearer, it gets older (it should actually always be worn) and the patches, autographs and other things also change, new ones are added or are removed (if the corresponding band falls out of favor with the wearer). So every cowl is absolutely individual.
For a metalworker, there is hardly anything better than going to a concert or festival. A lot of alcohol is drunk here, but drugs are generally rather unpopular because they are used as stylistic devices in the other scenes and are therefore not consumed or only by a few. In no case do drugs occupy such a central position as hash in hip hop or "party drugs" in the techno scene. Anyone who can show a large number of concerts attended increases in the reputation of the other metalheads. Festivals such as Wacken Open Air, Bang Your Head or Rock Hard Festival are compulsory annual events. As a rule, at least one of them is visited by every metal worker. The armbands, which are put on the wrist as an admission control, often remain on the arm as a reminder until they fall off by themselves. Since they only do this after many years, many metal workers have a large number of ribbons on their arms. For the weekends without a concert or festival, there are pubs or discos with metal sound in most cities.
Songs about the genre
- Dietmar Eflein - Heavy metal analysis: The musical language of heavy metal, Bielefeld, transcript, 2010
- Thomas Berger Media - Heavy Metal Made in Germany: Buffo (Tankard Manager) 22:36 min. At Youtube
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