What is the full form of FSK
FSK | JuSchG
We would like to point out that we often do NOT share the assessment of the age from which a film is suitable for children / adolescents! We sometimes make use of our house rules and upgrade a film by one age rating if we cannot and do not want to support the decision of the FSK and consider it to be irresponsible. In some cases we leave it to a mere recommendation to a legal guardian if we consider certain films to be unsuitable for certain age groups.
Depending on their age, children and young people are only allowed to go to the cinema at certain times. In addition, they are only allowed to see films that are approved for their age group.
Children under 6 years are not allowed to go to the cinema unless they are accompanied by a person with custody or a parenting officer and the film has no age limit.
Children between 6 and 13 years must be accompanied by a person with custody or a parenting officer in the case of films whose showing does not end until after 8 p.m. This also applies if the film is approved for your age group.
The same applies to Young people between 14 and 15 years of age for films whose showing does not end until after 10 p.m. and for Adolescents from 16 years of age for films whose showing does not end until after midnight.
Source: Federal Ministry for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth
Download form for protection of minors
FSK from 0 freigegive / released without age restriction
The label "FSK approved from 0" corresponds to the previous label "Approved without age restriction". Small children experience cinematic representations immediately and spontaneously. Their perception is predominantly episodic, cognitive and structuring skills are hardly developed. Even dark scenarios, fast cutting sequences or a loud and threatening background noise can mobilize fears or lead to irritation. Children up to the age of six identify completely with the plot of the game and the characters in the film. Direct transmission takes place especially in threatening situations. Violent actions, but also persecution or relationship conflicts trigger fears that cannot be overcome independently. A quick and positive resolution of problematic situations is therefore very important.
Please note that despite the FSK 0 rating, children under 3 years of age are not allowed to attend cinema screenings due to the applicable house rules.
FSK approved for ages 6 and up
From the age of six, children increasingly develop the ability to cognitively process sensory impressions. However, there are considerable differences in development among the six to eleven year olds. At around the age of nine, children begin to distinguish between fictional and real stories. A distancing perception is thus possible. With younger children, on the other hand, the emotional, episodic impression is still in the foreground. A six-year-old child is still completely immersed in the film plot, suffering and fearing with the characters that identify with it. Moments of tension and threats can be dealt with, but they must neither last too long nor have too long a lasting effect. A positive resolution of conflict situations is also decisive here.
FSK approved for ages 12 and over
Children and adolescents of this age group have already developed the ability to perceive at a distance and process them rationally. First knowledge of the genre is available. A higher intensity of arousal, as it is usual in thrillers or science fiction films, is tolerated. On the other hand, the flood of images of hard, violence-related action films, for example, which can usually not be processed independently, is problematic. 12 to 15 year olds are in puberty, a phase of self-discovery that is associated with great insecurity and vulnerability. In particular, films that encourage identification with a "hero" whose role model is characterized by antisocial, destructive or violent behavior can pose a risk. Dealing with films that seriously problematize social issues is quite reasonable for this age group and significant for their opinion and awareness-building.
Parental Guidance (PG): FSK from 12 - allowed with parents from six years of age
If films have been given the label "FSK approved from 12 years of age", children from the age of six and up can also be admitted to the screening if they are accompanied by a person with custody. In principle, the parents are responsible for personal care. A parenting officer who is authorized by the parents (= legal guardian) is not sufficient.
FSK approved from 16
A developed media competence can be assumed for 16 to 18 year olds. The communication of socially damaging messages remains problematic. Films that tend to glorify violence, conflict with a partnership-based role relationship between the sexes, discriminate against individual groups or reduce sexuality to a mere instrument of instinctual satisfaction will not be approved. The value orientation in areas such as drug consumption, political radicalism or xenophobia is also examined with particular sensitivity.
FSK from 18 / no youth approval
The label "FSK from 18" corresponds to the previous label "No youth approval". This indicator is awarded if there is no simple or severe risk to young people. According to Section 14, Paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Youth Protection Act, DVDs and Blu-ray Discs are labeled "FSK from 18" if there is no simple risk to young people, and for public film showing if the film is not seriously harmful to young people. Marked films, DVDs and Blu-ray discs are not indexed by the Federal Testing Office for Media Harmful to Young People (BPjM).
In the case of an age rating for cinema films, according to § 14 Paragraph 3 of the Youth Protection Act (JuSchG), a check must be made for a "serious risk to young people" even if the rating is "from 18 years of age". The background to the legal provisions is that, in individual cases, young people could also have access to the performances. When films are released on DVD, Blu-ray or comparable image carriers, there is an increased risk that young people will see films that are only released "from the age of 18". A "simple youth risk" is therefore sufficient here so that no labeling may be pronounced. It is therefore possible that a film that has been approved for "18 years and older" in the cinema will not be approved for release on DVD in the same version.
The legal provisions for the protection of minors are clear and binding for the work of the FSK.
However, "No marking" does not constitute a ban on showing. Cinemas can show the film at their own legal risk - but only in front of adults. If a court comes to the conclusion - for example after a complaint - that it is a "film that is seriously harmful to minors", advertising and announcement, among other things, are prohibited by law and therefore punishable (Youth Protection Act, Section 15 (1)). Criminal law that may have to be taken into account in addition to the protection of minors also fall within the remit of the judiciary - and not the FSK.
Frequently asked Questions:
FSK means "Voluntary Self-Control". Then why am I not allowed to decide for myself whether I adhere to the age ratings as a young person?
The submission of films for examination for the film industry is voluntary, as there is no statutory submission requirement at the FSK. However, carrier media not marked by the FSK may only be made accessible to adults. A legally prescribed age rating is required for youth approval, which is carried out by the FSK and adopted by the federal states.
Is the FSK marking a law, a guideline or a recommendation?
The age ratings of the FSK are explicitly no educational or aesthetic recommendations for a certain age group. The FSK committees issue approvals according to the legal requirement that films and comparable image carriers "which are suitable to impair the development of children and young people or their upbringing to become independent and socially capable personality" may not be approved for their age group. In principle, the welfare of the youngest cohorts in an age group must be observed. Likewise, not only average but also vulnerable children and adolescents must be taken into account.
In combination with the FSK regulations, the regulations of the JuSchuG applicable to cinema visits apply in our cinema.
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