What should I learn before starting
Learn effectively for the Abitur: The 10 best tips for 2021!
Table of Contents
- Prepare well in advance
- Learning plan
- Ideal daily workload
- Right time of day
- Treatment of the subjects
- Learning environment
- Brain food
- Short term help
- At a glance
1. Prepare well in advance
Sure, risk-takers can simply try to beat the necessary knowledge into the head the night before the exam. "Courage to leave gaps" is the motto for many. However, it is more sensible and, above all, less stressful to start preparing as early as possible.
The ideal preparation time is for learning coach Iris Komarek from Munich six months: "Then you can keep to the exact repetition frequency through which what you have learned is securely stored in the long-term memory and remains there. It is most effective if you repeat the subject matter exactly when you are about to forget it again - which is quite normal. So after about 20-30 minutes, after a day, after a week, after a month and then after six months. "
1. Learning rule: It is best to start learning 6 months before the exams. Repeat learning material at regular intervals.
2. Creation of a learning plan
So that you can organize the time sensibly, it is advisable to create a learning plan. To do this, you would have to get an overview of all the topics and think carefully about how much you can and want to master in one day. So you can work out when to get started.
Strict adherence to a pre-established plan will help keep you motivated every day. However, you have to be able to react flexibly if something happens spontaneously. Give yourself enough freedom so that you don't have to do without anything that is important to you. Exercise in particular helps you switch off and clear your head. So you should definitely make time for your regular training.
2. Learning rule: Establish in a learning plan what you want to learn when and for how long. Remember: Breaks are important - take a walk or exercise in between!
3. The ideal daily workload
In order to create a study plan, you need to be realistic about how much you can do in a day. It always depends on a certain form of the day. As long as you still have to attend classes, a maximum of two hours in the afternoon or evening is realistic. As soon as you have the last day of school behind you, you can plan a lot more time.
However, the head cannot be filled with knowledge indefinitely. At some point you will notice that you have come to a point where concentration is waning and fatigue is widespread. If you take too much on yourself over the long term, your body will go limp. The first signs can be a headache, a queasy feeling in the stomach or even tension. You can prevent this with regular breaks. Sometimes just a short walk works wonders. In order to permanently reduce stress, relaxation methods such as yoga or autogenic training are recommended. You can certainly use the techniques learned there later in the Education or in the training good use.
3. Learning rule: During class time you should study a maximum of 2 hours for the Abitur, after the last day of school you can plan more time!
4. The right time of day
The ability to perform and concentrate fluctuates greatly over the course of the day. Neurobiologists have found that the highest performance is between nine and eleven o'clock. Before that, the body has to struggle with starting difficulties in the morning. At lunchtime, the performance curve then drops rapidly. Only in the afternoon does it go uphill again. In the time between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m. you will usually experience another high performance. By 9 p.m. at the latest, the willingness to take part decreases significantly.
Ideally, you should observe yourself for a while before creating your Abitur study plan. You can try this out in normal exam phases. Make notes when you feel particularly fit and divide the daily routine into more powerful and less powerful phases. You can then use the latter for beautiful things. When the going gets tough and you run out of time towards the end, you should use these performance lows to repeat the material you have already learned rather than force new content on yourself.
4. Learning rule: You are most productive from 9 am to 11 am and 4 pm to 6 pm. But everyone has a different rhythm - make it clear when you can learn best and use the time!
5. Treatment of the subjects
You quickly tend to look at the content that is fun and not that complicated first. The unpleasant is then happily put off. This applies to both individual topics and entire subjects. This repression tactic is certainly understandable, but not useful. After all, you are wasting so much energy on things that are easy for you anyway. You should rather keep your full concentration for content with which you were at war.
However, it is also helpful for your motivation if you can regularly record a sense of achievement, and don't despair at the start of your learning marathon. When creating your study plan, make sure to alternate subjects as well as individual content. By the way, you can use the same strategy throughout your school days, for example when doing your homework for the next day. Instead of leaving the difficult to the last, it is better to simply draw the order.
5. Learning rule: In your learning plan, topics and content should alternate. The best thing to do is to draw the order. Postponing unpleasant topics will not help you!
6. Handling the materials
Complete documents are an important prerequisite for learning. So make sure to check your transcripts well in advance. If you are missing something, you can easily copy it from your classmates. Also make sure that the pages are clean and tidy, then you would rather pick them up than old scraps of paper.
The best thing to do is to put your notes from class back into a tidy form at home. By copying, the material is deepened immediately and not so much work is accumulated for the "hot phase". Of course, this takes a lot of discipline at first, but in the end you will quickly find that it quickly pays off.
To make the learning material easier to internalize, Iris Komarek recommends a varied design: "A good test is to look at a few pages of the script from about three meters away. If they all look the same, there is still a lot of potential. So then pick up colored pens and spice up your texts with small drawings! "
6. Learning rule: Pay attention to your documents and take proper notes in class! Copies deepen the material, materials you have designed yourself make you want to learn more!
7. Other resources
The selection of learning aids for the Abitur is huge. In contrast to the thick textbooks, these are more like guides that get to the heart of the necessary examination knowledge. The question is whether purchasing additional material is even worthwhile.
Iris Komarek thinks books with material summaries and the Abitur questions from the last few years are useful: "This enables you to prepare very specifically and befriend the type of questions at an early stage. By the way, you should deal with the Abitur questions before you start studying and not - as most do - use them later as a control. Only then they can be used as orientation and target setting for learning! "
You can also use the Internet if you are looking for answers to very specific questions. There are also special formats such as Educational videosthat will help you specifically. But: "Eternal research can be an unbelievable time waster and dissuade you from the actual learning path", warns Iris Komarek.
7. Learning rule: Learning aids in book form make sense - hours of aimless research on the Internet often only takes up time.
8. The perfect learning environment
In order to learn successfully, you should make sure that you feel comfortable in the learning environment. If you are more concerned about absolute silence, let some music play in the background, although it is often recommended that you keep things quiet. In principle, what is good for you is allowed.
The same applies to the location of the event. If you study at your desk, you should rid him of anything that could distract you. By the way, a tidy workplace also has a positive effect on the head. Both chaos and structures can be transferred to the brain.
Nevertheless, it is also okay if you prefer to be outside or in bed: "The brain is just as powerful when lying down as when sitting," says Iris Komarek. She even suggests taking a walk with flash cards or cycling on the exercise bike, "because the brain learns best in motion!"
8. Learning rule: Keep your desk tidy and create the atmosphere in which you can learn best!
9. Brain food - food for the brain
Who does not know the advertisement in which a school child throws a piece of glucose into himself and then solves a math problem in no time at all. But can this miracle cure really increase mental performance? Isabelle Keller from the German Nutrition Society (DGE) advises against: "It is a common prejudice that glucose helps concentration. At best, the blood sugar level is pushed briefly."
Instead, she advises a balanced diet - day after day and not just in more intensive learning phases. This includes, among other things, a conscious use of carbohydrates and an adequate intake of fluids. The complete nutrition tips can be found in the ten golden rules of the DGE. "So the body gets everything it needs and the brain is also adequately supplied." You should avoid alcohol as much as possible during the learning-intensive time and rather water the passed Abitur afterwards.
9. Learning rule: Eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of water. You should rather avoid alcohol in the learning phase.
10. The last lifeline: help shortly before the end
During the preparation you notice that you still have some ambiguities floating around in your head? And your friends and classmates can't tell you either give tutoring? Then it is time for Plan B. What many do not know: There are special last-minute offers and book series such as Fit fürs Abi Express, which convey the necessary knowledge in a compact form. If necessary, shortly before just short.
10. Learning rule: fall back on special compact offers when time is tight for you.
At a glance: the right way to learn for the Abitur in ten steps
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