What does Jurassic Period mean

The higher levels of precipitation and the associated humidity meant that the flora in the Jura could also expand into those areas that were still characterized by dry desert landscapes in the Triassic. In the interior of the continents, dense forests emerged, which were not only characterized by tall trees, but also by low horsetail and ferns growing close to the ground. The vegetation in the Jura was characterized by an unprecedented biodiversity thanks to the precipitation. The lush tropical forests in the warmer zones now also had more and more flowering plants. The bank areas of the numerous inland waters were densely overgrown. In the Jura, the first cypress plants and the indoor firs, which are now popular as ornamental plants, appeared among the Nudesamers. Primitive first forms of the later widespread flowering plants, which today comprise a large part of all plants, also found their origin in the Jura. In the seas, on the other hand, the flora was still largely characterized by red and brown algae and rock-forming algae species.

In terms of wildlife, the Jura is particularly significant as the time of the dinosaurs. The lush vegetation allowed large herbivorous dinosaurs such as Brachiosaurus with its long neck to spread more and more. These species, which mostly lived in large herds, could easily reach the leafy treetops and thus had an enormous advantage over smaller dinosaurs. Large carnivorous species also flourished in the Jura and went on the hunt for large herbivores. Millipedes and insects were now represented in an infinite variety of species. Near the ground, smaller predators mainly preyed on insects, lizards and small mammals such as the ancestor of today's beaver. As a direct forerunner of birds, Archeopteryx appeared alongside other pterosaurs in the Jura. In brackish water, in lakes and rivers, crabs, which previously only colonized the oceans, spread more and more.