What are all the natural phenomena

09 Mar 2016

TOP 10 natural phenomena

The word natural phenomenon describes a process or state that is natural in itself, which can be found in the realm of the extraordinary due to its beauty, rarity or hostility to life. Usually in the form of water, fire or with unusual colors, these phenomena are likely to inspire people. Red rivers, wondrous celestial phenomena or a lake made of asphalt found their way into our TOP 10 list of natural phenomena. Have fun being amazed.


Grand Prismatic Spring is the name of the largest hot spring in the United States and is located in Yellowstone National Park. About 2000 liters of 71 ° hot water flow from the spring every minute. The special colors come from unicellular microorganisms in the biofilm at the edge of the source. Photo by Brocken Inaglory, CC BY-SA 3.0,



Do you know the difference between magma and lava? Quite simply - as soon as the magma comes to the surface, it is called lava. These eruptive processes can be observed particularly well in Hawaii. Photo from Hawaii Volcanoes National Park Service.



The Caño Cristales or "five-color river" or "liquid rainbow" is a river in Colombia that has its source in the Serranía de la Macarena National Park and flows into the Guayabero. He shows the special variety of colors from July to November. The colors come from the vegetation on the river bed and vary between yellow, green, blue, black and red. The river is poor in nutrients and suspended matter and therefore appears very clean. In addition, it is fish-free. Photo: Mario Carvajal, CC BY 3.0,



Asperatus is a relatively rare cloud formation. The name is so far only unofficial. These are churned clouds that are most closely related to the subspecies Undulatus. They appear storm-like, but usually dissolve again without a storm forming. Frequent observations of such clouds are made in the states of the Great Plains (USA). However, this photo shows Asperatus clouds over Tallinn (Estonia). Photo: Ave Maria Mõistlik, CC BY-SA 3.0



The term asphalt lake is a bit of a misnomer, as such phenomena are hardly fluid on the surface. However, if you drill with a stick, the fluid character becomes apparent very quickly. Like here at La Brea Pitch Lake on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. It is the world's largest occurrence of its kind. For the city of La Brea (Spanish for "bad luck"), this lake is a major tourist attraction.


They fascinate again and again - geysers. These hot springs that emit their water as a fountain at regular or irregular intervals. By the way - it was named after the Great Geyser in Iceland. This photo shows the Strokkur Geyser - of course in Iceland. Photo: Andreas Tille, CC BY-SA 3.0



Waterfalls are always a spectacle - especially this one: Niagara Falls on the border between the United States and Canada. Night photo by Mariomaster1589, CC BY-SA 3.0



Lake Hillier is a 600 meter long pink salt lake on Middle Island, the largest island in the Recherche Archipelago in Australia. This phenomenon can only be viewed from an airplane, as the island, like all of the other 103 islands in this group of islands with the exception of Woody Island, is not allowed to be entered for nature conservation reasons. The reason for the color of the lake has not yet been clarified, but it is assumed that the nutrient concentration from various organic and inorganic substances as well as various bacteria and algae in the lake are the cause of this intense pink color. Photo: Aussie Oc, CC-BY-SA 4.0,



One of the most amazing celestial phenomena on our planet are the northern lights, which are called northern lights at the north pole and southern lights at the south pole. The luminous phenomenon is caused by excited nitrogen and oxygen atoms in the high atmosphere, which are caused in polar regions when accelerated charged particles from the earth's magnetosphere hit the atmosphere. The photo shows northern lights over Lake Aurora in Finland.



Dallol also has spectacular colors to offer. It is one of the most extraordinary geothermal areas on earth and is located in the Danakild Depression in northeast Ethiopia. The last phreatic explosion of the Dallol took place in 1926, since then the activity has been limited to a large number of hot salt water springs. Hot groundwater dissolves minerals as it ascends through the 1000 m thick salt and anhydrite layers, which are then deposited again on the surface. A wide variety of shapes are formed, which are reminiscent of coral sticks or hornitos. Sulfur and various potassium salts give the precipitated products their characteristic white, yellow and red colors. Photo: Rolf Cosar, CC BY 3.0,