How long has there been time
Since 1980 the clocks have been switched from normal Central European Time (CET) to summer time on the last weekend in March. As early as June 22, 1978, the Bundestag passed the time law introducing summer time. The federal government also comes to an agreement with the GDR leadership to avoid different time zones within Germany, and so the way is clear for the first time change since 1949.
Energy saving goals not achieved
The aim of the time change is to make better use of daylight after the horror of the 1973 oil crisis and thus to save energy. However, this goal is hardly achieved. According to the Federal Environment Agency, electricity is saved, but more is heated in the morning in the cooler months. The majority of Germans reject summer time, as the latest surveys show. The proponents appreciate it above all because it stays light longer in the evening - a bit more quality of life.
First clock change in 1916
For the first time in the German Reich there was a changeover to summer time during the First World War in the years 1916 to 1918. In the Weimar Republic, the attempts were rejected again until the National Socialists reintroduced summer time to support the war economy from 1940 to 1945. In the post-war years up to 1949, the victorious powers determined when the time was changed in their zones of occupation. This resulted in a veritable chaos of time: based on Moscow time, the so-called midsummer time applied in the Soviet occupation zone and Berlin, for example, from the end of May 1945 to September 1945 - with a time difference of two hours to Central European time. The conversion was then suspended from 1950.
When are the clocks changed?
Summer time begins in all EU member states on the last Sunday in March. At 2 o'clock the clocks are put forward by one hour to 3 o'clock. Summer time ends on the last Sunday in October and the clocks are put back one hour at 3 a.m. An EU directive from 2002 regulates that summer time is "permanent" and "binding" in all member states.
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Hamburg Journal | 07/11/2018 | 05:05 am
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