How old is the oldest surviving ball

From the beginning

An old castle

The name of the city or the Oldenburger Land is derived from the name of a castle: A document from 1108 mentions a place or a castle for the first time in the form of an Old Saxon term called "Aldenburg" (old castle). This first documentary mention refers to Count Egilmar von Oldenburg, who concluded a contract with the monks of the Iburg monastery. It was agreed that the members of the Oldenburg Count House would regularly pray for the salvation of souls. In return, the monks received ninety bundles of eels a year, which were handed over to the monastery's messengers in Oldenburg. It is unclear whether this already refers to the place where the Oldenburg Castle stands today or whether the name refers to an early medieval castle, the remains of which were discovered about 2 to 3 kilometers further west in 2007. If you look at the period of the word Oldenburg, it used to refer mainly to town and country. "Castle" is an old meaning for the city. They fulfilled the function, the cities
as centers of trade, tourism, politics and culture still meet today.

Moor, Geest and Marsh

The large area of ​​the Oldenburger Land is divided into the landscape forms marshland, geest and moor. Each has special properties. Cattle could be kept on the fertile marshland, the barren Geest was early settlement land and suitable for growing barley, one of the first cultivated types of grain. The specialization of the areas required exchange and trade, but also independence. Until the 20th century there was no marriage between Marsch and Geest. The moor plays a special role. The high moor can hardly be felt today, but for millennia it was a natural boundary that did not make life here particularly beautiful, but kept strangers away.
In the narrower and wider area of ​​the Oldenburger Land, tribes settled in the time of the Romans, some of which still call themselves that today: the Chauken, the Frisians, the Ammerlanders and many more. They became the Saxons, the upper part of which is now called Lower Saxony. "Nieder" is Low German and means "above".

The Oldenburg House

Around 1149 the Aldenburg was evidently inhabited by a manor, because there is documented evidence of a count who named himself after her. Christianus de Aldenburg. It was and remained the most important residence for him and his descendants for a long time. Christian I was born in Oldenburg in February 1426 and, as King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, founded the Danish royal dynasty from the House of Oldenburg. He was also Duke of Schleswig and Holstein. The House of Oldenburg is thus one of the most important families of the ruling European nobility. The Grand Ducal Line of Oldenburg is the oldest surviving line.