What are the psychological effects of exercise

Performance and sport - how sport can stress and relieve the psyche

Sport usually has a positive effect on the psyche. Under certain circumstances, however, exercise can also have negative effects on mental health: performance and exercise are usually not linked well.

The word "sport" actually comes from Pleasure and entertainment. But does sport still bring fun and entertainment today? Or is it predominantly in sport? high pressure to performthat causes stress? Most of the time people talk about the physical effects of exercise - but body and mind are not to be considered independently of one another. Sport also has an effect on the psyche. Does sport promote mental health or is it more of a burden?

Sport promotes mental health

Various studies have proven that Regular endurance sport is good for the psyche is. Many of the physiological effects of exercise also have a positive effect on the psyche: the brain is better supplied with blood and the body releases opioids, endocannabinoids and endorphins. Sport lifts the mood, improves mental performance and inhibits the perception of pain. Sport can even supportive for the treatment of mental illnesses can be used. Successes are reported here, especially in the case of depression, burnout and Alzheimer's disease. A study in the USA also showed that regular exercise several times a week can lead to an improvement in mental health.

Health-promoting framework conditions

The positive effects of exercise have their origin in the way of life of our ancestors, who moved significantly more than we did. However, it is not just the physical effects that affect the psyche that make sport so healthy for the mind. Often they play too Framework a big role: in team sports, in the gym or at running meetings, the social aspect is also supportive for mental well-being. Regular social contacts give structure and promote mental health. Sports that take place outdoors, such as surfing, walking, canoeing or cycling, are already regular Stay in nature a boon for the psyche. But exercise can also be negative for mental health and stress the psyche.

Competitive sport as a psychological burden

Exercise can have a negative impact on the psyche. This is especially true in the case of competitive athletes. Ambition and pressure to succeed as well as frustration and discouragement in losing play a big role here. Competitions are an enormous psychological stress Self-esteem is often linked to sporting success. With daily, time-consuming training, the Social contacts through sport impaired. But it is not only competitive sport that can affect the psyche: various types of behavior can also have a negative effect in sport.

Performance and sport

Perfectionism, excessive ambition and high expectations of yourself, can make sport another area in life in which Pressure to perform prevails and that Self esteem is tied to success. If your own performance and continuous improvement in performance are the main reasons for sport - instead of pleasure - then your own limits are often exceeded. Ideally, sport is an area in which you can feel your body and mind and come to yourself. Regular training can take into account the mood and form of the day and the Body awareness promote. However, it is permanent performance increase in the foreground or the desire for that supposedly perfect body, you can get used to this sensitivity and to respond to yourself - your own body and your own psyche. This behavior is harmful to mental health. Sport is not the cause of this, but it is also an area in which psychologically and physically unhealthy behavior can be lived out.

With the right one Balance of performance and fun in sport sport can relieve the psyche and promote holistic health. We wish you a lot of fun and entertainment in your sport!

Photo credits: iStock.com/Jacob Ammentorp Lund