Which language family does Czech belong to
Country information Czech Republic
2. Things worth seeing and hearing
3. Politics & Society
4. Tasty food
6. Travel tips
Here we have compiled the most important facts and figures about the Czech Republic and the Czech language.
Czech is one of the Slavic languages. The Slavic languages are divided into the East Slavic (Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian) into which south slavic (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian) and in the West Slavic Language family. In addition to Slovak and Polish, the latter also includes the Czech language, which you are currently learning with the help of this language course.
All of these languages have their origin in Primeval slavonic, which - with the highest probability - was still spoken into the first centuries of our era and which emerged as a separate branch from Indo-European about 5000 years ago.
The Czech language uses the Latin alphabet - unlike a number of other Slavic languages that are written using Cyrillic letters, such as Russian and Ukrainian.
When asked “Mluvíte česky - do you speak Czech?“ around 12 million people will be presented to you with “Ano! - Yes! ”Answer.
The Czech language, čeština is now spoken by around 10 million people in the Czech Republic as their mother tongue. In addition, there are several hundred thousand people who emigrated as a result of political developments. After the Second World War and the Soviet Union, but especially after the invasion of Warsaw Pact troops in 1968, numerous Czechs left the country and looked for a new home in the USA, Canada, but also in Germany and Austria, as well as in large numbers other countries. Since Czech membership of the European Union, numerous travel restrictions have fallen and again numerous Czechs have left the country to live, work or study abroad. Currently, around two million people worldwide who do not live in the Czech Republic speak Czech as their first language.
Incidentally, Czech has been one of the official languages of the European Union since May 1, 2004 (the beginning of Czech EU membership).
But now to the Czech Republic. In the following section you will find interesting facts about the Czech Republic and information specific to the country.
High and colloquial language
In addition to the standard Czech language, which is used on official occasions, on radio and television, in schools and universities, and in literature, there is a large number of dialects in Czech. The colloquial language in Czech (obecná čeština) often stands out from the written language (spisovná čeština) and has changed grammatical subtleties and nuances of its own in pronunciation.
Almost 10.3 million people live in the Czech Republic, which makes it roughly as populous as Baden-Württemberg. Slovaks, Hungarians, Roma, Poles and Hungarians are the main minorities in the Czech Republic.
The average age of the Czech population is around 39 years, which is around 3 years less than in Austria or Germany.
The average life expectancy is around 73 years (men) and 79 years (women).
The territory of the Czech Republic covers an area of around 79,000 km² and is therefore almost as large as Austria.
In the Czech Republic, the Czech crown (Koruna česká, abbreviation: Kč) is used to pay. This in turn is divided into 100 hellers (haléř). The introduction of the common EU currency, the euro, in the Czech Republic is planned for 2010.
We cannot offer you a current exchange rate from krone to euro at this point, but you can easily find it on the Internet (just enter the term "currency converter" in a search engine) or ask your bank.
In direct comparison with Germany, Austria or Switzerland, the Czech Republic has a significantly lower standard of living, although the Czech economy has experienced very high growth rates since the fall of the Iron Curtain. However, one cannot speak of a poor country, especially the region around Prague is relatively prosperous.
The country's main export goods are modern industrial products (especially motor vehicles, technical, pharmaceutical and chemical products), glass products and food.
The service sector accounts for the largest share of employment in the Czech Republic with more than half of the workforce, while agriculture only employs around 4%.
The Czech Republic is in the same time zone as Austria, Germany and Switzerland. This means that both your home and Prague are the same time.
In the Czech Republic, by the way, the clock is also put forward by one hour during summer time.
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