What is NADPH H.


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Synonyms: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, NADPH
English: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

1 definition

NADP is a coenzyme that can bind and transfer electrons and hydrogen. It belongs to the group of redox coenzymes and is involved in redox reactions. The protonated or reduced form is called NADPH designated.

2 chemistry

The molecular formula of NADP is C.21H29N7O17P.3

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3D model: NADP + (oxidized form)

In the case of dehydration, in addition to the reduction of NADP+ one more proton for NADPH (H.+) released. That is why one often finds the simplified notation NADPH2 for NADPH + H+. However, NADPH and the proton are not chemically linked, but are only formed simultaneously.

3 functions

In contrast to NAD, NADPH is required as a hydrogen carrier in anabolic metabolic processes. In plant cells it plays a crucial role in the reactions of photosynthesis.

In human (animal) cells, NADP or NADPH is used among other things:

In addition, plants can form NADPH as part of photosynthesis.