Can the Luftwaffe wear army straps

Uniforms of the Russian Armed Forces - Union Square (Greensboro)

Ceremonial honor guard uniforms. Left to right: Winter Army, Army, Air Force, Navy, 1994-2008 Army, 1994-2008 Air Force, 1994-2008 Navy, 1971-1994 Army, 1955-1971 Army.
Fashion designer Valentin Yudashkin during an inspection of the new uniforms of the Russian armed forces by the president, January 2008.

The Uniforms of the Russians The armed forces use an extensive system of uniforms as inherited from the Soviet armed forces and changed over the years.


Russian Navy working uniform.

The specific uniforms and equipment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are determined by the governing bodies of the armed forces and ultimately by the Minister of Defense. The rules for wearing these uniforms established in the 1990s also fall within their remit.

Types of uniforms

Usually uniforms are divided into the following categories, each with summer and winter variations:


Exists for honor guard purposes. This uniform is issued and usually worn by soldiers of the 154th Preobrazhensky Independent Commandant Regiment. It is also worn by troops from other regiments, depending on the type of occasion. The colors of the uniform are wave green for the army, blue for the aerospace industry, and black or white for the navy.


Only officers and service personnel from military bands assigned to the armed forces. The colors of the uniform are wave green for the army, blue for the aerospace industry, and black or white for the navy.

Notable differences between variants of this type of uniform are contained in the cockade, the type of shoes and the type of tunic. The wreath cockade or the single oval cockade are the most common variants, with the former being the standard edition for army ribbons and the latter being the standard edition for officers. The more formal wreath cockade is also used by officers on special ceremonial occasions such as the Victory Day parade in Moscow and maintains continuity with the style used by pilots throughout the existence of the Soviet Union and officers of the USSR Army from 1958 - 1969. In addition, there is a wide-fringed cockade pattern specially assigned to members of the Alexandrov ensemble, similar to the parade cockade used by the officer corps of the Soviet Union between 1969 and 1991 to be used for evening shoes. For the Army, this replaced the jackboots after the Soviet era uniforms were abolished in 1994. Nonetheless, jackboots were reused for the Army Parade uniform on special ceremonial occasions, including the 2019 Victory Day Parade mentioned above. Regarding tunic variations, the standard tunic is a stand-up collar design, although the Alexandrov Ensemble uses an open collar variant and a steel gray open collar variant is available for generals.


The uniform is the standard uniform for officers. The colors of the uniform are olive green for the Army, Air Force and Space Forces, blue for the other aerospace forces, and black or white for the Navy.

The kit used to serve as everyday, clothing and parade uniform for soldiers until it was abolished in 2015 for cost reasons. Since then it has only been assigned to officers and warrant officers. In addition, it served as the only everyday uniform for civil servants until it was replaced by the office uniform in 2012.


Modeled on the office uniform of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, this kit serves as the standard everyday uniform for both officers and soldiers. It has noticeably no colored puggarees or epaulets between branch distinctions, which is common with higher tier uniforms. With the exception of the sporadic display of ceremonial, parade and uniform uniforms to soldiers without an arrest warrant officer for niche purposes, the office uniform kit is also used for the vast majority of ceremonial purposes by soldiers without an arrest warrant officer. However, when used for this purpose there are significant variations that are not covered by the Official Uniform Code, including:

  • White parade gloves
  • Parade belt with white buckles
  • White aiguillettes
  • Colored branch shoulder boards
  • Branch characteristic lapel badges
  • Buttoned jackets with a buttoned collar as opposed to the zippered jacket used in the standard office kit
  • Berets, which are used as the main headdress in contrast to hats or peaked caps.
  • Occasional jackboots for foot pillars and color guards (now increasingly available for infantry troops during Moscow Victory Day parade)

These ceremonial variations, with the exception of the differences between headdress and footwear, carried over from the now-absent uniform clothing set used for this role.


The VBKO field uniform acts as the primary field / combat uniform assigned to all troops operating in the field.

Examples of uniforms

Ground forces kits in common configuration:

  • Special ceremonial uniform

  • Office uniform (with normal cap)

  • Office uniform (with peaked cap)

Ground Force Officer Kits in Common Configuration:

  • Special ceremonial uniform

  • Parade uniform

  • uniform

  • Office uniform

  • Field uniform

Ground Forces General Uniform Types:

  • ... parade uniform with closed collar (debuted in 2017 in the Moscow Victory Day parade, introduced from 2018)

  • ... Parade uniform with open collar (beginning to expire in 2018) [1]

  • ... everyday "office" uniform. Silver piping indicates a civilian employee.

Design & Service Distinctions

In terms of their design, the uniforms currently worn by the soldiers, sailors and airmen of the Russian Federation are more or less strongly an evolution of those worn by the armed forces of the former Soviet Union. In particular, the usual basic colors black, green and blue, as worn by those in the Russian Navy, Russian Army and Russian Air Force

Also in the armed forces of the Russian Federation there are a number of uniform supplies that were used in the USSR and the Russian Empire. For example, a general overview of the belts and shoulder straps of ceremonial calculations and honor guard units on particularly solemn occasions, such as parades in Red Square and other cities on the occasion of state and military holidays, a meeting of heads of state and government delegations, solemn ceremonies and military honors.


In the navy, the dominant colors are navy blue (e.g. flannel, navy suit (work dress)), which is black in practice, and white (e.g. summer dress and uniform that officers can wear in high air temperatures, as well as foremen).

Ground troops

The so-called "green" color of the ground troops can actually mean:

  1. The "wave green" color. This serves as the color of the parade uniform of officers, army ribbons and the Alexandrov ensemble (since 2017). The wave green color has its origin in the uniforms of the imperial Russian era of the 19th and early 20th centuries, when it was known as "Tsar Green" [2]. After an absence during the early Soviet period, all of the marshals and generals' parade uniforms were restored, starting with the 1945 Moscow Victory Parade. Then the wave-green parade uniforms were presented to all commissioned and commanding army officers in 1969. In 1994 the color was abolished with the establishment of the various uniforms of the Russian Federation. This color was restored again in 2008 in all officer and warrant officers of the ground forces, restoring continuity with previous uniforms.
  2. The olive color used by clothing and office uniforms. Between 1994 and 2008, the olive-colored uniform served as the parade uniform for all ranks. This color replaced the Soviet khaki color of officer uniforms, parade uniforms of soldiers who were not required to be warrant officers, and all-rank everyday uniforms in 1994. In 2013, with the introduction of the office uniform, the olive green color of everyday uniforms became stronger, so the color differences from the Soviet khaki color became stronger.

air force

The uniform of the Air Force and the Air Forces of the Russian Federation and the USSR is traditionally blue. The Air Force command staff wore a blue uniform (intermittently) in the 1920s and 1930s. In the USSR, officer and soldier uniforms were khaki, with only the parade uniform for air force officers being blue.


Wearing uniforms is subject to regulations that apply not only to members of the armed forces, but also to students of the Suvorov military and Nakhimov naval academies, cadets and cadet marine corps, and citizens who have been discharged from active service but are still members of the Reserve are. Former soldiers and women who still have the right to wear military uniforms must also observe these regulations.



On December 21, 1991, the CIS member countries agreed to maintain a uniform command over the armed forces until then, reformed.

On February 11, 1992, after the Commander-in-Chief of the CIS Forces No. 50 "On Temporary Changes in Military Uniform for the Period 1992-1995", a description of "Temporary Changes" in uniforms was given. A ceremonial cap was introduced for marshals and generals , which was modeled on the everyday parade uniform based on the pattern of the everyday jacket, but with ceremonial epaulets, dressed trousers without boots and edges along the line. It also authorized officer model caps in the everyday summer form. In May 1992 the armed forces of the Russian Federation were founded.

The hats worn by marshals, generals and colonels were abolished and replaced by gray astrakhan hat-ear flaps made from the fur of Tsigeyki (colonel). The rims of the ceremonial uniforms of officers, flags, extended service soldiers and female soldiers as well as armor-like arm plates for the last three categories have been abolished. A cockade for officers, warrant officers and soldiers with super-long service for everyday wear and uniform was introduced.

Berets for military personnel and caps for ceremonial uniforms for military personnel have been replaced by officer pilots. The wool jackets of marshals, generals, officers, ensigns and soldiers on extra-long-term service replaced button fastenings with zippers and sewn side pockets with zippers.

Marshals, officers, ensigns and soldiers with particularly long service lost their ceremonial belts and leather shoulder belts.

Conscripts and cadets adopted a woolen uniform with sewn epaulettes made of the same material instead of the parade-out uniform and the closed everyday jacket.

The letters "CA" have been removed from the shoulder straps of the emergency service staff, while the metal letters "K" have been added on the shoulder straps of field jackets and cadets' everyday cadets. Buttonholes were removed from the collars of the service members and cadets, while the gold emblems on cotton tunics were pinned to the corners of the collar.

The same document introduced changes in the generals' uniforms compared to the 1988 Soviet army. Sewing ceremonial hats and uniforms resembled everyday life and disappeared from the cuffs (along with the sewn edge on the collar and cuffs). The pants were adjusted to the gray tunic front and back, with cuffs but without lamps, in the same tone as the tunic. Aa cap with gray crown and colored ribbon.

Since 1994 the field uniform had the special but unofficial sleeve badge: the branch of service or the military unit.

In 1994, President Boris Yeltsin signed a decree abolishing the Soviet-era uniform and changing military clothing for the first time since 1969.



2012 - today

Ground forces soldiers take the military oath in the "office" uniform introduced in 2013. Note the officer on the right in the outdated open-collar tunic that is currently being phased out.

In November 2012 Sergey Shoygu was appointed Minister of Defense of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. Several changes were made after his appointment.

This included the introduction of a completely separate "office uniform" in 2013 as the new everyday uniform for officers (of which the previous everyday uniform was largely interchangeable with the uniform). The office uniform is blue for the air force, green for the ground forces and black for the navy. It includes a zip-up jacket, t-shirt, hat (usually worn by crews), or a peaked cap without the colored ribbon (usually worn by officers), plus the option to wear combat boots or dress shoes. For the cold season, a true-to-two colored jacket with a detachable hood and integrated fur lining has been introduced.

In 2015, the rules for wearing military uniforms were officially changed. This notably included the abolition of the parade and uniform kit for conscripts and all ranks below those of the warrant officer. The office uniform was introduced in 2016 in all ranks and is now used in addition to its daily capacity in the Parade & Dress ranks (with various modifications) for all ranks below the Warrant Officer. Other changes included the removal of the traditional cloak for the parade and uniform for all ranks except the honor guard.

In the 2017 Moscow Victory Day parade, officials wore a stand-up collar tunic that replaced the previous open-collar tunic. The tunic is similar to that used by the Soviet Union for ceremonial purposes in the final years of World War II. The officer corps buttonholes, as used by both the Soviet officers during this period and by Imperial Russia, have been added to the tunics. Generals have the usual ceremonial insignia in place of this design. The navy's ceremonial uniform has also officially changed its color to pure white, rather than the off-white / off-white color previously used for the summer version of the open collar ceremonial uniform. After a test, the new tunic design was introduced as the standard parade tunic from 2018 for all ranks up to and including Warrant Officer. During the 2018 Moscow Victory Day Parade, the mass bands, which included musicians of all ranks, had noticeably begun to use this uniform (similar to the British practice of military bands wearing full uniforms during parades). . Only the Alexandrov Ensemble continues to use the wave green design with an open collar as the standard version instead of the variant with a closed collar.

Examples of changes in uniforms since 2012

  • Ground troops hired troops in former uniforms during the 2012 Moscow Victory Day parade.

  • The Air Force hired troops in the former uniform during the 2012 Moscow Victory Parade.

  • The Air Force hired troops wearing a ceremonial version of the office uniform during the 2019 Moscow Victory Parade.

  • Air Force officers wearing the new ceremonial tunic design during the 2019 Moscow Victory Parade.

See also