How will edge computing change the world

"Edge Computing will continue to drive IoT growth"

By Yasmin Billeter

Forecasts from our experts: Part 10

What innovations are pending in the Internet of Things (IoT)? Our expert Angela Nicoara speaks in this interview about the future technology edge computing, telecommunications in space and the greatest challenge: security.

Ms. Nicoara, what can you expect in your IoT department this year?

By the end of 2021, around 30 billion devices will be digitally networked worldwide. The amount of data generated by these networked “things” is enormous. This data needs to be collected, stored, managed and analyzed. IoT edge computing is playing an increasingly important role here: the decentralized IT approach makes it possible to process data directly where it is generated, instead of first transferring it to the cloud for analysis. This will drive company growth and economic upheaval in our market in this and the coming years. And so change the lives of people, companies and the global economy.

What will not be available in your field in the coming decade?

Technology is evolving so quickly that we cannot reliably predict the future. The next decade will be exciting for industry and users. We will begin realizing the impact of artificial intelligence, 5G / 6G networks and the rapid adoption of IoT technologies during the Covid-19 pandemic.

The massive number of IoT devices will push companies to move telecommunications into space.

Existing IoT networks are constantly being renewed and improved. Even so, the massive number of IoT devices will push companies to move telecommunications into space as well. In order to be able to cover large areas efficiently, many small satellites are used that work together in a constellation. However, I doubt whether there will be "orbital edge computing" in the next decade. With “Orbital Edge Computing”, data is processed in orbit instead of being sent back to Earth. The satellites then only send data to earth that are actually valuable.

What will we have to wait a long time for?

To smarter cities where IoT devices are used everywhere. Autonomously flying drones are the goal in an increasingly digitized world of the future. Just like cars with personalized driving preferences and services that adapt to the needs of customers.

What is the biggest mistake made by lay people in your field?

That the security aspect is being neglected. Security is critical to the trust and acceptance of the IoT. It is one of the greatest challenges in making the IoT a reality.

Internet-enabled things like home appliances, smart energy meters, personal health monitors, cars, smartphones, etc. are personal devices that hold a wealth of data - even when they are not connected. The data must be stored on the devices as well as in the cloud and at the edge. Data transmission must also be secured.

IoT systems must have security mechanisms in place right from the start. Adding them later is a big challenge. In addition, security must be applied consistently: from the IoT device to the cloud backend and the analysis application.

What will be the biggest problem in 2021?

Connected devices will continue to define and change numerous companies in 2021. In the course of Covid-19, the greatest IoT challenges will focus on people's needs, for example on health and safety measures (building cleaning technologies, track-and-trace functions, remote monitoring of patients, etc.).

What is it about your topic that fascinates you and why are you responsible for it?

IoT is the biggest computing revolution in recent years and will permeate all industries. It connects devices, vehicles and infrastructures and simplifies continuous access to data. It enables better products, more efficient processes and new business models.

IoT is the biggest computing revolution in recent years and will permeate all industries.

IoT technologies are transforming the industry and providing more and more computing, storage and analysis functions at the edge. Companies can use these technologies to ensure greater efficiency across industries and to improve the user experience.

The IoT is changing the way we think about our daily lives and how industry addresses issues related to production, quality, distribution, storage, processing, retail and consumption.

To the series «Forecasts»: Experts from the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts provide an outlook on developments in their field.
To our readers: Which prognoses do you enjoy or worry about? What developments are you aiming for in the area of ​​IoT?

Our expert for IoT: Angela Nicoara is Professor of Computer Science and heads the IoT Innovation Lab and the IoT Systems and Software Research Group at the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences. She is a leader, systems researcher and innovator with 18 years of experience in industry and research. She has received several prestigious prizes and awards for her work, including the Intel Division Recognition Award and Women in IT Awards USA - Finalist - Innovator of the Year.

Offers for partner companies:The research group IoT Systems & Software supports partners from industry and science in the development of systems and software for the IoT. Whether programmable IoT platforms and services, next-generation IoT system architectures or innovative information technology services - the research group attaches great importance to building real systems and advancing the state of the art in these areas. The goal is to deliver novel architectural designs and convincing research prototypes that have a direct impact on the company's products and services. In addition to research and development, the group offers advice on the IoT business, on-site training, coaching and supervising in the fields of IoT, system software, distributed systems, energy efficiency, internet technologies and innovations.

Educate yourself:The Internet of Things (IoT) specialist course gives you an overview of IoT in practice. Using real use cases, you will learn how IoT projects are set up, which platforms are selected and how a solution is worked out from concept to implementation. The CAS Internet of Things (IoT) and Digital Ecosystem teaches the basics of IoT technologies and digital ecosystems and equips the participants ideally for the implementation of new business models. The further training offers a methodical toolbox and provides a sound digital understanding of technology.

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