Spirolactone reduces facial hair growth

What to do with heavy hair growth?

Excessive hair growth all over or on parts of the body is mostly harmless, but often represents a psychological burden for those affected. The possibilities for hair removal are available.

Excessive hairiness (called hypertrichosis among medical professionals) is often in the genes. But it can also develop later in life, e.g. B. by certain drugs or a disease. It is best to clarify the cause of acquired hypertrichosis with your family doctor or a dermatologist. Hirsutism is to be differentiated from hypertrichosis: This shows a male hair pattern in women, which is usually hormonal.

Tip: The active ingredient eflornithine (Vaniqa®) has proven to be effective against increased hair growth on the upper lip, cheeks and chin in the context of hirsutism: Eflornithine cream inhibits hair growth when applied twice a day.

Tackling excess hair can be very uncomfortable, depending on the method you choose. Before you decide on a hair removal procedure, you should therefore first determine: How fast and how densely does the hair grow? On which parts of the body do they grow? And above all: How much do I suffer from the hair growth?

Temporary hair removal through depilation

In milder cases, it is often enough to depilate the affected parts of the body regularly. During depilation, only the part of the hair that is outside the skin is removed. Shaving is particularly common: it is not very time-consuming and relatively cheap, but the hair roots are not removed, which is why your hair grows back quickly. In addition, the hair follicle can become inflamed (folliculitis) - but this also threatens with other depilation procedures.

Note: Contrary to popular belief, shaving doesn't accelerate hair growth. The impression comes from the fact that the light and thin hair tip is cut off and a dark, sturdy stubble remains.

In addition to shaving, you can also use depilatory cream to depilate your body hair. The chemical bonds of the hair keratin are broken down, which means that you can simply scrape off the visible part of the hair after a few minutes of exposure. The depilatory effect lasts longer than shaving, but it can lead to allergic reactions or skin irritations - you should therefore only use depilatory cream with special care on the face and pubic area.

Temporary hair removal through epilation

During epilation, the hair is torn out together with the hair root. It grows back more slowly and the skin feels smooth for weeks. You can epilate your hair with an epilator or with wax (alternatively also sugar paste). You or a specialist apply the wax to the corresponding part of the body and pull it off again with a jerk. The disadvantage of epilations: they are very painful, especially when used for the first time, and can lead to skin irritations.

The so-called is less painful threading. A thread is pulled over the skin in such a way that the hair is caught in it and torn out. This works particularly well with fine hairs. The depilation method comes from the Orient, but is difficult to use and very time-consuming on larger parts of the body.

Long-term hair removal through epilation

If your hair growth is particularly strong or you are particularly stressed, long-term hair removal could be worthwhile. The best tried method is electro-epilation. A wafer-thin probe is inserted into the hair canal, which destroys the hair through heat or a chemical reaction. The method is time-consuming and should only be carried out by so-called electrologists. It is also painful and skin damage is possible.

Laser or IPL treatment does not have these disadvantages: Here a light pulse (monochromatic light with laser, polychromatic light with IPL) is radiated into the skin and absorbed by the hair, which is thereby destroyed. These procedures work best if you have dark hair and fairly light skin, as they are selective to pigment differences. The surrounding skin is therefore usually uninjured. Long-term epilation prevents hair regrowth for several years, after which follow-up treatments may be necessary.

Source: Dr. Uwe Schwichtenberg: One hairy thing - hypertrichosis and how to deal with it. Deutsche Apotheker Zeitung, issue 26, June 2017, pp. 34-39.

Authors

Leonard Olberts | last changed on at 18:26