What is understanding about zakat
Friday sermon (PDF)
Dedication of our material existence to Allah:
Compulsory tax (Zakat) and Sadaqatu'l-Fitr
اَلَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ اَمْوَ الَهُمْ فِى سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ لَا يُتْبِعُونَ مَا اَنْفَقُوا مَنًّا وَلَا اَذًى لنْمْ اَجْعرب اَذًى لنْمْ اِعرب اَ لَمْ اَجْعبِّهِم اَجْربْ اَربْ اَرب
وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ
The goal of the Islamic religion is to create a happy and content society. Worship services play a major role in the formation of such a society. The compulsory tax (zakat) and the voluntary donation (sadaqa) are worship services that enable the emergence of this well-being.
The compulsory tax (zakat) is one of the five pillars of Islam. Zakat means "multiply, multiply and purify." And it is a compulsory worship service that believers who are considered "rich" in the religious sense are obliged to pay once a year. In the gracious Quran, the Blessed Allah says the following: “Those who spend their wealth in the path of Allah and, after they have donated, do not emphasize their merit and do not hurt feelings, they find their reward with their Lord. There will be no fear and they will not be sad. "1
The Sadaqatu'l-Fitr is a levy that goes to the poor in the month of Ramadan. According to religious guidelines, the rich man has to pay the Sadaqatu'l-Fitr for himself as well as for his family members. The Sadaqatu'l-Fitr is the occasion for the acceptance of the fast and the salvation from the torment in the grave. It is a donation to meet the needs of the poor and an aid so that they can share in the joy of the festive season.
The Zakat and Sadaqatu'l-Fitr are also occasions for the cleansing and purification of sins. The gracious Koran expresses this reality with the following verse: "Take a donation (Sadaqa) of your property in order to purify and purify it ...".2 And our Prophet (sws) says: "As water extinguishes fire, so Sadaqa also extinguishes sins."3
The Exalted Allah says: “If you are grateful, I will truly give you more. But if you are ungrateful, then My punishment is truly severe. "4 For this reason, the zakat and sadaqa both purify the material possessions of the individual and ensure social cohesion.
Just as zakat and sadaqatu'l-fitr have a religious dimension, they also have a social and socio-economic side. On the one hand, they provide relief for those who pay from a religious and psychological point of view, they help the needy people, their material ones To partially mitigate needs. This ensures cohesion and solidarity in society. One must not forget that the compulsory levy is a debt of the person responsible and a right of the person in need.
The material worship services Zakat and Sadaqatu'l-Fitr should be paid in such a form that those in need are not offended and that they correspond to human dignity. One should be aware that with the help of boastful purpose and violation of the dignity of the needy one cannot attain any beneficence, even this will become a great burden.
As can be seen, the benefits of zakat and sadaqatu'l-fitr can be seen for the giver as well as for the needy and even for society, if it is paid appropriately. Let's not miss this benefit. Let us become aware of the responsibility that Allah has entrusted to us over our belongings. Let us pay the zakat and sadaqatu'l-fitr in the most beautiful way with the awareness that these are an occasion for redemption and ascent for us. Let us be aware that giving zakat, sadaqatu'l-fitr and other good deeds while observing the approval of Allah will increase our reward with Allah, bring blessings to our property and satisfaction to our lives. We must also remember that there is a great responsibility in not paying the zakat and sadaqatu'l-fitr.
The Zakat, the Sadaqatu'l-Fitr or the voluntary donation (Sadaqa) are the spiritual insurances of our property. This month especially, we should be doing more good deeds. We will only be able to take things with us to the hereafter that we have spent on the way of Allah, paid as Zakat, Sadaqatu'l-Fitr and Sadaqa. Let's not forget that the giving hand is always superior to the receiving hand.
Religious Commissioner DITIB Mosque, Ludwigshafen
1. Koran: al-Baqara, 2/262
2. Koran, al-Tauba, 9/103
3. at-Tirmidhi, Iman, 8
4. Koran, Ibrahim, 14/7
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