What is the correct pronunciation of the table

How do you pronounce “Excel” in German?

Every word should be pronounced in a way that others will understand. In other words, you should join the majority. It doesn't matter that the word comes from English, you can still pronounce it in German.

A comparable example is the word "Jute" (a coarse fiber that is used, for example, to make sacks). This is an English word in origin and is known in America and England as []uːt] (roughly like »Dschuut«) pronounced, but if you pronounce the word like this in a German-speaking conversation, you will see a lot of questioning faces because they do not understand you. Common in the German-speaking area is the pronunciation [ˈjuːtə] (like »Juute«), which corresponds completely to the German rules for the assignment of sounds to letters.

In case of "Excel" it is not that easy because it is for the consonant cluster "XC" there is no German-language role model.

The general rules say that with a noun that has two syllables, the second as a (written) vowel is the letter e contains, this second syllable must be a reducing syllable. However, the syllable division is then Exc-el, which exactly raises the aforementioned problem with the consonant cluster.

Only in exceptional cases is the second syllable stressed in two-syllable words. In case of Excel but this has the advantage that the C then slips into the second syllable, i.e. Ex-cel, which means that there is no longer a consonant cluster.


In detail:

If the last syllable is a reducing syllable, in the case of the ending -el the E is not pronounced at all, the function of the syllable nucleus is then taken over by the L, which is pronounced as a vocalized L. (Examples: angel = [ˈɛŋl̩]; nobility = [ˈaːdl̩]; disgust = [ˈeːkl̩] etc.)

The first syllable then consists of “Exc«. The letter "X" is usually called »Ks« pronounced and »c" as »Ts«. That would give the syllable »Eksts« (in phonetic transcription: [ˈɛksʦ]). For German-speaking tongues this can hardly be pronounced in one syllable (mainly because this sequence violates the sonority rules). Therefore, the "T" omit making the two "S" merge into a spoken consonant, and apply to the first syllable Eks results.

In IPA phonetic transcription, the whole word looks like this:

Excel = [ˈɛksl̩].

On the other hand, if you stress the second syllable, it becomes "C" understood as part of the second syllable. The first syllable then only consists of "Ex"«, Which is easy to pronounce (namely how eks: [ɛks]), and the second syllable is then "Cel" what as »Tsel« is pronounced: [ʦɛl]

The whole word in this variant:

Excel = [ɛksˈʦɛl]

Both variants are in use, but the version with a reducing syllable at the end (ie [ˈɛksl̩]) is far more common.