Which is better pharmacy or graduation


Access to the pharmacist profession is regulated nationwide, namely in the Federal Pharmacists Regulation (BApO) in the version of the announcement of July 19, 1989 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1478, 1842), last amended by Art. August 2019 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1307) and the licensing regulations for pharmacists issued on the basis of this law of July 19, 1989 (Federal Law Gazette I p. 1489), last amended by Art. 9 of the law of August 15, 2019 (Federal Law Gazette I P. 1307).

There are admission restrictions in the pharmaceutical degree program at universities in the Federal Republic of Germany. The study places are allocated centrally by the Foundation for University Admission (formerly: Central Office for the Allocation of Study Places) in Dortmund according to an admission procedure established by the federal states. The universities can also select applicants themselves.

The university entrance qualification of the federal states has taken the place of the previously mandatory general higher education entrance qualification (Abitur). This grants the federal states the right to open access to studies not only to people with a general higher education entrance qualification but also to persons without a general higher education entrance qualification (Abitur).


The pharmaceutical training is regulated in the license to practice pharmacists (AAppO).

According to § 1 AAppO, the pharmaceutical education includes

  1. a four-year course in pharmacy at a university,

  2. an internship of eight weeks,

  3. a practical training of twelve months and

  4. the pharmaceutical examination, which is to be taken in three examination sections.

The standard period of study within the meaning of the University Framework Act is four years.

According to § 4 AAppO, the practical training is divided into

  1. six months in a non-branch pharmacy, and

  2. six months to be completed optionally in

    a) in a pharmacy according to No. 1,

    b) a hospital or military pharmacy,

    c) the pharmaceutical industry,

    d) a university institute or other suitable scientific institutions including those of the Bundeswehr,

    e) a drug testing center or a comparable facility including one in the Bundeswehr.

Three months of training according to No. 2 letter b) can also be completed on the ward of a hospital or Bundeswehr hospital.


The examination sections of the pharmaceutical examination are taken as follows:

  1. the first section after studying pharmacy for at least two years,

  2. the second section after passing the first section of the pharmaceutical examination and studying pharmacy for at least four years,

  3. the third section after passing the second section and after completing the subsequent practical training.

The standard period of study within the meaning of Section 10 (2) of the University Framework Act is four years.

The certificate of the state pharmaceutical examination is the final certificate which is recognized in all states of the European Union according to the relevant EU law.

Access to the pharmacy profession

The license to practice as a pharmacist is issued upon application by the competent authority of the country in which the applicant has passed the third section of the pharmaceutical examination.

The practice of the pharmacist profession is also permitted on the basis of a permit. This can be granted on application if it is demonstrated with the application that there is a special interest of the general public in the license with regard to the intended exercise of the pharmacist's profession.

For persons who did not complete their training in the Federal Republic of Germany, special regulations apply, which result from the EU Directive 2005/36 / EC on the recognition of professional qualifications and from the law for the improvement of the determination and recognition of professional qualifications acquired abroad.

further education

The advanced training is based on the chamber or health care professions laws of the federal states and the advanced training regulations issued by the federal chambers of pharmacists on the basis of these laws.