Artificial intelligence is a smart idea

Artificial intelligence

Due to the accelerated development and increased use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems, fundamental changes are imminent in many areas of life, especially in education. The way we live and work is fundamentally changing. Higher education plays a central role here: On the one hand, it must make people fit as workers and responsible citizens in a world characterized by AI systems. On the other hand, artificial intelligence offers great potential for improved higher education, e.g. through precise personalization of learning paths and tailored support offers. What skills do today's students need for the AI-dominated world of tomorrow? How can a basic understanding of the technology also be imparted to non-computer scientists? And what are the opportunities and risks in the context of higher education? Answers in the dossier.

Contributions

AI in business - put an end to dream dances

Artificial intelligence and "big data" as the answer to the problems of our time? We have to wake up from this dream, says Melanie Vogel. In this blog post, she goes straight to the point of commenting on the idea of ​​solutionism and explaining why we need more realism when it comes to data and AI. For several years now, an idea called "Solutionism" has been wafting from Silicon Valley into the German corporate landscape. The idea behind this is that there is a technical solution for all pressing problems of our time. The highlight of the performance is that ...

Short and boredom in the cloud - from people who will one day feel superior to AI - a (not too) serious comment

When it comes to brain uploads and similar fantasies about artificial intelligence, your head can smoke - how do we bring all of this together with our self-image as people (at German universities)? This comment provides a remedy. Do you know Plotinus? If not, that's not so bad. But you know Hegel or have perhaps heard his name before. But you certainly know Descartes or at least his famous saying “I think therefore I am”. What connects these three representatives of European intellectual history is (among other things) that ...

Ethics for engineers

The technical and digital upgrading and transformation of our environment requires constant reassurance as to how our values, norms and convictions, which guide our actions, are to be applied to changing situations. In this blog post, Lukas Brand addresses the ethical questions of an increasingly technitized world. Technization and digitization are based on the assumption that the world can be rationalized and objectified. The world only needs to be penetrated reasonably in order to master it and potentially all of the problems it contains ...

# 2: From University to Practice - Conversations on AI in Medical Education

The extent to which artificial intelligence should play a role in the training of medical professionals was already discussed in the first conversation on medicine and AI. Now it should go from theory to practice - to what extent does AI appear in the everyday work of doctors and how can medical students be prepared for it? At the beginning of the conversation, radiologist Felix Nensa describes how he relates to the topic. PD DR. MED. FELIX NENSA: I am a radiologist and have been employed at the University Clinic in Essen for 10 years. Before that, I worked in the IT industry. Even during my time as an assistant doctor ...

# 1: How Much AI in the Medicine Curriculum? Conversations on AI in medical education

How does artificial intelligence influence the training of doctors and what role should it play in the future? How can today's students integrate the findings into the everyday medical work of tomorrow? What will medical education look like in the future? Jenny Brandt and Prof. Kerstin Ritter discussed these topics and more with the University Rectors' Conference. JENNY BRANDT: A few years ago I dealt with the topic of artificial intelligence for the first time in the finance sector. Before studying medicine, I worked in a company ...

Robot Writers - A New Type of Writer?

For many of us, especially in higher education, writing is part of everyday life and is generally viewed as a creative activity. In view of the advancing development of AI, the question increasingly arises in a scientific context as to the extent to which this creative process can also be taken over by machines. This blog post is about the ethics and authorship issues surrounding AI-based writing. If you understand Artificial Intelligence (AI) basically as the ability of machines to take on tasks that were previously human ...

The algorithmization of learning: learning analytics vs. self-determined study?

Learning analytics are still regarded as a promising future technology in the education sector. The automated analysis of learning outcomes has the potential to massively reduce failure rates as well as to improve teaching. But what is the hype about it? A contribution to the discussion. Despite massive advances in digital teaching due to the two full Corona semesters with extensive distance teaching, we are still at the beginning of many educational technologies in Germany - one example of this is learning analytics. That alone doesn't have to be bad ...

AI and college, a wedding in heaven

Artificial intelligence as a threat to humanity or will you soon be an equal interlocutor during your studies? In this blog post, Reinhard Karger clears up some mistakes and shares his view of the relationship between AI and the university. Universities are places of knowledge, the transfer of knowledge and human learning. Artificial intelligence is the digitization of human knowledge skills. Sounds like a wedding in heaven. That is correct. But an analysis is required. There is plenty of room in universities for science, but not for magic. Machines can ...

Reading recommendations for everything to do with Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence concerns everyone. That is why AI, big data and algorithms should not only be discussed by those who develop them. For all those who want to take a look at the question from different perspectives or are looking for good suggestions for an introduction to the topic, we have made a small list of recommendations here. We look forward to additions in the comments. Katharina Zweig: "An algorithm has no tact: where artificial intelligence is wrong, why it affects us and what we can do about it" (Heyne, 2019) An important volume ...

Can AI revolutionize higher education? An interview with Claudia de Witt

Artificial intelligence in higher education creates great expectations for improved quality of teaching and learning. As a professor for educational theory and media education at the FernUniversität in Hagen, Claudia de Witt researches methods and applications of AI in studies, teaching and further education. In an interview with Prof. de Witt, Lavinia Ionica, program manager at the Stifterverband, asks what disruptors can be expected in higher education from an educational science perspective and what role artificial intelligence can play here. Lavinia Ionica: ...

The unbearable ease of (scientific) writing. With ghostwriters and artificial intelligence in the fast lane

They already exist: the AI ​​writing bots, which can also generate "deep thoughts" with the help of deep learning. To what extent can artificial intelligence and ghostwriters endanger scientific text production? Professor Dr. Doris Weßels, professor of business informatics at the Kiel University of Applied Sciences and deputy chairwoman of the board of the digital economy Schleswig-Holstein e.V., in this article. “You cannot think without writing; in any case…

Discrimination by Algorithms - Interview with Katharina Simbeck

Artificial intelligence and algorithms are increasingly being integrated into everyday processes. In the "Science Year 2019 Artificial Intelligence" in particular, this trend can also be felt at universities. But free of criticism? High-quality, non-discriminatory data is required, as well as trained people who can safely handle this data. We were in conversation with Prof. Dr. Katharina Simbeck from HTW Berlin. How does algorithm discrimination manifest itself? Today's image recognition systems, for example, work for fair-skinned people ...

Maturity in a digital "world of knowledge" through the use of scientific knowledge

Albert Einstein's theory of relativity and his work on quantum mechanics shaped our view of the world today - what would he have to say about digitization? Dr. Tobias Roth and Stefanie Schaus discuss possible answers with reference to physical theories and methodology. In their guest contribution to the Ad-hoc Working Group on Higher Education for the Digital Age in the European Context, they also discuss how opinion-forming can succeed in a digital "knowledge world" and show which toolbox science education brings with it. Albert Einstein, an icon ...

Artificial Intelligence - 10 Considerations for Scaling Education and Training in Industry and Universities

With his 10,000 Data Scientists for Europe initiative, Dr. Chris Armbruster to recruit specialists in Artificial Intelligence. For the university forum digitization, he developed 10 considerations on the expansion of further education. Artificial intelligence is on everyone's lips, and rightly so: Autonomous cars, autonomous trucks and autonomous drones are already successfully on the road. But that's just the beginning, as global industrial use is imminent in many areas, from health to finance. It is often assumed that automation ...

"Universities are not particularly flexible - that is their strength and weakness"

Armin Rubner from the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich talks about artificial intelligence, changes in the university sector and the question of which skills students will need in the future. From June 27th to 30th, the University Forum invited students from all over Europe to the workshop "Reinventing education in the digital era" and the GLC Summit. In this context, a number of students conducted interviews with visitors to the summit. Michael Intelmann spoke to Armin Rubner. Intelmann: Mr. Rubner, please complete the following sentence: ...

Deep learning - learning with the help of artificial intelligence

Deep learning, cognitive computing, educational data mining - artificial intelligence (AI) is also an important topic in the world of learning. Corina Niebuhr summarizes the topic for the university forum digitization. The discussion on deep learning is still in its infancy. Today's digital learning assistants cannot compete with human teachers in schools and colleges who do their jobs well. Most of all, you see standardized computer learning, which is not very exciting and has little effect on the learner. But the developments are rapid, which is not ...

Documents

Artificial Intelligence at Universities (Working Paper 59)