Where is the hottest place in Africa

Weather, climate, climate tables, temperatures & best travel times worldwide

 

Africa is that hottest continent in the world. In numerous places in Africa the temperature reached maximum values ​​of more than 50 ° C, the African record was reached in the Tunisian city of Kebili (55.0 ° C on 7/7/1931). The great west-east extension of the continent and its mostly flat surface ensure a large range of the equatorial and tropical climate.

 

North africa

The Mediterranean regions in the far north of Africa still have one subtropical climate, in which hot summers alternate with mild, damp winters.

This forms a clear boundary of the subtropical climate Atlas Mountains, which stretches over almost the entire width of the Maghreb. The northern slopes of the Atlas are reached by cold-humid air masses, while the southern slopes are climatically influenced by the dry and hot Scirocco of the neighboring Sahara.

in the Atlas itself combines Mediterranean climate with high altitudes. The summer heat is followed by heavy snowfalls in the relatively cold winters. In Ifrane in the Middle Atlas, the lowest temperature in Africa was measured on February 11, 1935 at -23.9 ° C.
Melting snow ensures the formation of numerous watercourses and seasonal oases. In summer the rivers dry up again and only leave their traces called wadis.

The Sahara Desert, the largest dry desert on earth, allows only extreme living conditions with temperatures well over 50 degrees in summer and minus 10 degrees in winter. Temperatures can fluctuate up to 30 degrees between day and night. With an average of 45 mm of precipitation per year, it is beyond that extremely dry. In hyperarid areas of the Libyan desert, there is often no rain for years and when it does, it evaporates immediately.

Along the Nils is this Climate cheaper than in the desert areas of the same geographical latitude. In the north around that Nile Delta Precipitation falls up to 200 mm per year, but the humidity is often exhausting. Along the course of the Nile, the probability of precipitation and humidity decrease.

Cities and Islands in North Africa:

 

 

Climate zones in North Africa

Identification of the climatic zones in North Africa

  • Mediterranean climate with hot summers: mild climate with dry, hot summers and humid winters
  • Mediterranean climate with warm summers: mild climate with dry, warm summers and wet winters
  • Cold steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter cold
  • Cold desert climate: very dry all year round. Summer hot and winter cold
  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Tropical savannah climate: alternately humid with a longer dry season

 

West africa

The Sahel zone forms the transition between North Africa and West Africa (as well as Central Africa). The Sahel zone in West Africa includes southern Mauritania, the center of Mali and Niger, the north of Senegal and Burkina Faso, and the extreme north of Nigeria.
The Sahel zone is no longer as inhospitable as the Sahara to the north, which is why the Arab nomads called it "shore" or "coast". Anyone who has left the desert will see the first green and perhaps the first rain in northern West Africa.

Rain is also a precious commodity in the Sahel, especially in the north. There, residents can only hope for a little rainfall after eight to ten dry months, usually between June and August. This is also the one rain-bringing monsoon season in the central and southern Sahel, where annual precipitation of 100 mm (central Sahel) and up to 500 mm (southern Sahel) is achieved. During the long dry season in northern and central West Africa, the wind blows Harmattan Passat, which has absorbed so much dust in the Sahara that the sky sometimes darkens for days.
The temperatures in this marginal tropical area are high all year round and almost always reach more than 30 degrees Celsius during the day.

The South west africa has a tropical and humid climate. There are four clearly recognizable seasons here - for example on the Ivory Coast, southern Ghana and Togo - which, however, have nothing to do with the Central European understanding of the seasons. Much more there are two rainy seasons - in spring and in autumn - and two dry seasons in between.
When it rains, it is often torrent-like and with the result of flooding. In the dry season, the humidity is so high that the climate is not exactly dry. Temperature fluctuations are small. The maximum temperatures are between 28 and 33 degrees all year round and never fall below 20 degrees at night.

Climate zones in West Africa

Identification of the climatic zones in West Africa

  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Tropical savannah climate: alternately humid with a longer dry season
  • Tropical monsoon climate: short dry season with heavy monsoon rains outside the dry season
  • Tropical rainforest climate: year-round high temperatures and rainfall, no pronounced dry season

 

Central Africa

Central Africa extends north and south of the equator. Climatically, this means a clearly describable sequence of north of the humid climate about the always humid equatorial climate to turn humid tropics in the south.
Only Chad protrudes far to the north and thus still has desert areas of the Sahara on the northern edge, which merge into the dry Sahel savannas.
The humid marginal tropical climate has shifted south over the past few decades. The area around Lake Chad is much drier than it used to be. The monsoon winds between June and August bring less and less rainfall, and so what was once the largest inland lake in Africa may soon dry up.

South of Lake Chad the alternately humid zone begins with a rainy season between October and April. It includes large parts of Cameroon, southern Chad, the Central African Republic and the northern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annual precipitation here is at least 1,000 mm and increases towards the south. On the slopes of the Kamerungebirge in the west, up to 11,000 mm of precipitation falls per year. This makes it one of the rainiest areas on earth.

In close to the equator it is always humid and humid all year round. Daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations are small. There is another zone of alternating humidity in the south.

Climate zones in central Africa

Identification of the climatic zones in Central Africa

  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Tropical savannah climate: alternately humid with a longer dry season
  • Tropical monsoon climate: short dry season with heavy monsoon rains outside the dry season
  • Tropical rainforest climate: year-round high temperatures and rainfall, no pronounced dry season
  • Winter-dry subtropical climate: mild climate with dry winters and hot, humid summers
  • Winter arid oceanic climate: dry winters and warm, humid summers

 

East Africa

The climate in East Africa is great for its proximity to the equator untypically dry. The states of the Horn of Africa have - typical for the tropics - slightly fluctuating temperatures, which, except at high altitudes, are around 30 degrees on average.
However, since the summer monsoon already rains down in the mountains of Madagascar, Tanzania and Kenya, there is often no rain in Ethiopia and Somalia. Nowhere near the equator is the climate as arid as in Somalia, where in some places there is only 100 mm of annual precipitation.

Large parts of Uganda lie on a high plateau of approx. 1,000 m. The altitude moderates that equatorial climate. During the day the temperatures rarely rise above 30 degrees, at night they drop below 20 degrees. The humidity is usually bearable.

In Kenya and in Tanzania there is a large rainy season from late March to early May and a small rainy season from November to December. It rains the most and is the hottest in the area around Lake Victoria.

The southern landlocked states of East Africa Malawi and Zimbabwe have a subtropical, especially pleasant at high altitudes temperate climate. Only in the rainy season from November to April does it get uncomfortable, especially since the humidity can rise to close to 100 percent. It is hotter on Lake Malawi than in the mountains, but there is often a refreshing wind.

At high altitudes, Zambia not only has hot summers but also cold winters in which temperatures drop below 10 degrees Celsius at night.

In Mozambique prevails all year round due to the proximity to the coast and the lack of altitude muggy climate. In the rainy season from November to April, sudden, devastating heavy rain and floods have occurred more frequently in recent years.

You will also find information about the climate on the island of Zanzibar & the Serengeti in Tanzania as well as the Kenyan capital Nairobi.

Climate zones in East Africa

Identification of the climatic zones in East Africa

  • Tropical rainforest climate: year-round high temperatures and rainfall, no pronounced dry season
  • Tropical monsoon climate: short dry season with heavy monsoon rains outside the dry season
  • Tropical savannah climate: alternately humid with a longer dry season
  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Mediterranean climate with hot summers: mild climate with dry, hot summers and humid winters
  • Mediterranean climate with warm summers: mild climate with dry, warm summers and wet winters
  • Winter-dry subtropical climate: mild climate with dry winters and hot, humid summers
  • Winter arid oceanic climate: dry winters and warm, humid summers
  • Humid subtropical climate: mild climate. No dry season, hot summers
  • Oceanic climate: mild climate. No dry season, warm summers

 

Southern Africa

 

Know the southernmost states of Africa clearly differentiated seasons Summer and winter, which are opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. In the hottest summer months of December and January in Namibia and Botswana, temperatures rise to over 35 degrees Celsius. Only on the Atlantic coast does it stay pleasantly cool even in the southern summer due to the influence of the cold Benguela Current.
In the winter months of July and August, temperatures can drop below freezing at night. The continental climate with little precipitation has high temperature fluctuations, so that winter days are often sunny and maximum temperatures of up to 25 degrees are reached.

The Republic South Africa at the southern tip of the continent is at the tropic and is therefore blessed with many dry sunny days, but rarely extreme weather conditions. Only in the Kalahari Desert on the northern border with Namibia can it get very hot.

In the interior of the country, precipitation increases and temperatures decrease from northwest to southeast. The west coast, influenced by the Benguela Current from Antarctica, is much more windy and cooler than the east coast, where the Agulhas Current from the Indian Ocean ensures higher temperatures and humidity.

Snow can fall at high altitudes in the Republic of South Africa between June and August. During the day, but also in winter, the subtropical climate has mostly temperatures above 20 degrees.

Here you will also find special climate information for Cape Town and Johannesburg in South Africa.

Climate zones in southern Africa

Marking of the climatic zones in southern Africa

  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Cold desert climate: very dry all year round. Summer hot and winter cold
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Cold steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter cold
  • Mediterranean climate with hot summers: mild climate with dry, hot summers and humid winters
  • Mediterranean climate with warm summers: mild climate with dry, warm summers and wet winters
  • Winter-dry subtropical climate: mild climate with dry winters and hot, humid summers
  • Winter arid oceanic climate: dry winters and warm, humid summers
  • Humid subtropical climate: mild climate. No dry season, hot summers
  • Oceanic climate: mild climate. No dry season, warm summers

 

Islands in the Indian Ocean

 

 

Climate zones on the islands in the Indian Ocean

Marking of the climatic zones on the islands in the Indian Ocean

  • Tropical rainforest climate: year-round high temperatures and rainfall, no pronounced dry season
  • Tropical monsoon climate: short dry season with heavy monsoon rains outside the dry season
  • Tropical savannah climate: alternately humid with a longer dry season
  • Hot desert climate: very dry and hot all year round
  • Hot steppe climate: dry climate. Summer hot and winter mild to warm
  • Winter-dry subtropical climate: mild climate with dry winters and hot, humid summers
  • Winter arid oceanic climate: dry winters and warm, humid summers
  • Humid subtropical climate: mild climate. No dry season, hot summers
  • Oceanic climate: mild climate. No dry season, warm summers