Why are domain registrars thieves



AnyCast is a network addressing and routing method introduced with IPv6 that enables a single computer from a computer group to be addressed via an address. The one who is closest replies and receives the packet with multiple IP addresses.


Brandjacking is the assumption of a company's online identity in order to use or damage its brand value. The term combines the terms "branding" and "hijacking" and has been used since at least 2007.


The abbreviation ccTLD stands for "country code top level domain" and designates a country-specific top level domain. Exactly one two-letter code (ALPHA-2) according to ISO 3166 is assigned to each country. Examples of the more than 200 ccTLDs are .de for Germany, .uk for Great Britain and .us for the USA.

Claims Period or Claims Phase

The TMCH's "Trademark Claims" service means that during the at least 90-day "Trademark Claims" period, information is sent to the registrant and the trademark owner as soon as an attempt is made to register a domain that is listed in the TMCH database as validated license plate is kept.


Counterfeiting is a term derived from the English verb "to counterfeit", which describes the counterfeiting of branded products. Counterfeit products pose a risk to the brand's reputation and can result in reduced sales and risks for customers.


The term "cybersquatting" is derived from the English "squatter" and is used synonymously with domain occupation and domain squatting. It describes the registration of terms as domain names that the registrant is not entitled to. The registration of brand names is also called “brandjacking”.

Data center

A data center is the name given to the premises in which the central computing technology of one or more companies is located, as well as the organization itself that takes care of these computers.


The Domain Name System (DNS) brings together domain names and IP addresses by referencing and resolving the complete names and thus also the TLDs. With the possibility of using a domain name instead of the IP address, the DNS makes it easier for Internet users to use it.


Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) are Internet standards that extend the Domain Name System (DNS) with regard to security mechanisms in order to guarantee the authenticity and integrity of the data. Thanks to DNSSEC, a DNS user can verify that the zone data received and the data authorized by the creator of the zone are identical. DNS data is not encrypted.


An Internet address or web address such as brandshelter.com is called a domain. It is part of the URL of a website (e.g. http://www.brandshelter.com) and identifies computers on the Internet.

Domain transfer

A domain transfer is the transfer of a domain from one registrar to another. The process will be started by the future registrar. In order to make the transfer process easier and safer, ICANN laid down binding rules for its accredited registrars in 2004.


In the coming years ICANN is expected to announce another round of applications for new top level domains. This would offer companies and organizations the opportunity to apply for their own company and / or brand name as a new top level domain. BrandShelter supports you in every application phase at ICANN and in implementing the registration authority functions.

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DPML Plus is a blocking service of the Donuts Registry for blocking domain registrations that correspond to trademarks in the Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH). It replaces the Donuts Registrar's DPML service.

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Dropped domain

"Dropped domains" are deleted domains that have not been extended by a private person, a company or an organization after the registration period has expired and have thus been released for registration again.

Gray Market

While the black market describes illegal trade, the so-called gray market denotes trading in goods via distribution channels that are not subject to any direct legal control and are thus found in a "legal gray area".


A gTLD is a generic top level domain such as .com, .xyz or .club.


The IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, is a division of ICANN that assigns numbers and names on the Internet. As the operator of the Domain Name System (DNS) and the organization responsible for assigning IP addresses, it is one of the oldest institutions on the Internet.


The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a non-profit organization and the coordination office for the assignment of names and addresses on the Internet. As the highest Internet authority, it manages the Domain Name System and the allocation of IP addresses and ensures that IP addresses are only allocated once.


IDN is the abbreviation for Internationalized Domain Name and describes a domain name that can also contain so-called non-ASCII characters, i.e. umlauts, diacritical characters or letters from non-Latin alphabets. The use of these characters was subsequently made possible by the Internet standard Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications (IDNA), as they were not originally intended in the Domain Name System (DNS).

Internet piracy

Internet piracy is understood to mean the unauthorized making available, copying or downloading of films, music and software that are protected by copyright.

Landrush phase

The landrush is a time-limited phase in the process of introducing a new top level domain and follows the sunrise phase. Interested parties can apply for the registration of a particular domain name with the relevant registry during the landrush phase. These domain names include interesting domains for which there is no trademark protection claim. The registry determines which application documents must be submitted.

Local Presence Service - local presence services

The registration authorities for top level domains reserve the right to make domain registration subject to certain conditions. BrandShelter offers so-called "local presence services" for the registration of domain names for which a local contact is provided within their allocation guidelines. We advise each customer individually as to whether a so-called "trustee" is required and handle the trustee agreement with our local partners. Read more about this: www.brandshelter.com/de/domain-registrierung


"Monitoring" refers to all types of direct systematic recording, measurement, observation or monitoring of a procedure or process using technical aids. BrandShelters monitoring services inform you, among other things, when newly registered trademarks exactly match your brand and protect your brand against cybersquatting.

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Name server

A name server resolves the names of computers or services into one that can be processed by computers and answers queries about the domain name space on the basis of a DNS database. They are mostly part of the DNA.


A namespace is an ordering principle in computer science in order to avoid conflicts when assigning names. The domain name refers to different, hierarchically ordered namespaces of the DNS by means of individual elements separated by dots. The first namespace in the hierarchy is the top level domain, the second the second level domain, and the third the third level domain. This enables the registration of several distinguishable domains for the term BrandShelter such as brandshelter.com and brandshelter.co.uk.

New TLDs

The new generic top level domains (new gTLDs) are domain endings for which public and private-sector organizations applied to the highest Internet authority ICANN in 2012. The new gTLDs can consist of letter combinations of three to 63 characters. The new gTLDs include pure gTLDs such as .xyz or .website, geo-TLDs such as .berlin or .london and branded TLDs such as .bmw and .barclays.


The term “phishing” describes the attempt to obtain personal information from an Internet user via fake websites or e-mails. With the “fished” data, the thief can acquire the identity of the Internet user and, for example, gain access to his bank account.


A registrant is the person or organization who purchases a domain for himself or on behalf of another domain owner by registering it with a registrar for a certain period of time.


As a company, a registrar carries out the registration of domains. It is the interface between the registry that offers the domains for sale and the registrant who acquires the domain by registering with the registrar for a certain period of time.

Registrar Lock

A registrar lock is a code that is assigned to a domain name by the registrar in order to prevent changes to the domain name. If the registry lock is set, the domain can neither be transferred nor deleted. In addition, no changes can be made to the domain contact details. A renewal of the domain name is still possible.


Domain registration refers to the purchase of a domain for a limited period of time and its technical implementation by a registrar, domain provider or reseller.


A registry is an organization for the allocation of domains within the namespace of one or more top level domains according to its own allocation guidelines. It also manages some of the resources that are necessary for the technical operation of the Domain Name System (DNS).


A root server is a name server for name resolution at the root of the Domain Name System (DNS). The zone of the root server includes names and IP addresses of all name servers of all top-level domains (TLD). Root servers are operated by various institutions and coordinated by ICANN.


The SAN function enables SSL-secured communication for servers with multiple domain names and host names - within a single SSL certificate. With SSL certificates that support this function, additional domain names can be stored in the "Subject Alternative Name (SAN)" field, which can be protected with just one certificate. Brand owners benefit from the Subject Alternative Name (SAN) functionality when they have to operate and manage many websites.

Second level domain

The second level of a domain name (Second Level Domain, abbreviated to SLD) is the penultimate section of a domain and can be found as the second group of characters to the right of the point. brandshelter is the SLD in the domain name brandshelter.com.

Snapback Services

A so-called snapback or backorder service helps to monitor domains that have already been registered and to register them immediately after they have been deleted by the previous owner.


SSL, short for Secure Sockets Layer, is one Security technology for setting up an encrypted connection between a server and a client, which guarantees secure transmission between a domain on a web server and the website visitor.

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A subdomain is hierarchically subordinate to another domain. In general, subdomains are usually third or lower level domains, so brandshelter.co.uk is a third level subdomain (third level domain) below .co (second level domain) and .uk (top level domain) lies.

Sunrise phase

The sunrise phase refers to the phase leading up to a top level domain introduction, which only owners of brands and registered trademarks can register their protected terms as domains. The sunrise period is intended to prevent private individuals from registering these terms. After that, these domains are generally available.

Third level domain

The third level domain, also known as the subdomain, denotes the third group of characters (brandshelter) in the domain name (brandshelter.co.uk) when viewed from the right.


Data centers guarantee minimum availability, i.e. the probability is given that a system will function at 99.9 percent for a specified period of time, for example. The US-American Uptime Institute has defined a four-level "tier" classification in the TIA-942 (Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers), whereby the term tier stands for rank or layer. TIER 3 is therefore a benchmark for the reliability of a data center and means that redundant components are used, the server is available twice and there are multiple active and passive supply routes. This makes the system fault-tolerant and maintenance is also possible during operation.

TLD launch

The launch of a new top level domain is usually divided into the following phases:

  • Sunrise
  • Landrush
  • General availability


The Trademark Clearinghouse (TMCH) is the primary mechanism for protecting trademark rights in ICANN's program for new gTLDs. It is a centralized database of verified brands that is linked to each new top level domain. Read more about TMCH: www.brandshelter.com/de/tmch-registrierung

Top level domain

A top level domain, abbreviated to TLD, is the last section of a domain and can be found to the right of the point. Our domain brandshelter.com ends with the TLD .com, for example. The TLD represents the highest level of name resolution.

Traffic redirection

A URL redirect sends a user from one URL to another. There are various reasons for a redirect, such as changing the company name or merging two websites. For example, redirects from so-called “typo domains” can also be used for phishing attempts or redirecting to competing websites.


The term “Typosquatting” refers to a form of cybersquatting that is based on typing a term incorrectly into the web browser and subsequently calling up a so-called “Typo Domain”. These typosquatting websites usually contain competing offers, unsuitable advertising or other undesirable content.

Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS)

The Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) and the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) procedures are possibilities to resolve domain disputes in the event of trademark infringements.

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URL is the abbreviation for Uniform Resource Locator and describes a standard for calling up certain content, e.g. websites. The URL brandshelter.com takes you to our website.


A domain pre-order is the reservation of a domain under a new top-level domain that has not yet been introduced with a registrar. When the top-level domain is introduced, the registrar tries to register the desired domain name. Should this fail, the customer will be reimbursed for the registration costs, which are usually paid in advance.

Web interface

A web interface is an interface to a system that can be addressed via the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). This can be a graphical user interface (GUI), via which a user is connected to the system with the aid of a web browser, or a web service with which the system makes data available to other systems.

Web space

Webspace is the storage space made available on a server. Files stored there can be permanently accessed via the Internet. Users can book this online storage space through Internet service providers in order to save documents, data or websites. The provision of storage space on the Internet is called web hosting.


The Whois (from the English "who is") is a protocol that provides information such as company name, first and last name, telephone and fax number, complete address and e-mail address to identify the domain owner. This data can be obtained from the relevant registry using a Whois query.


The domain registrar can state in his general terms and conditions that he can use, transfer or renew a domain after it has expired and thus does not have to release the domain for re-registration. He is holding the domain back (to withhold).


The zone stands in the Domain Name System (DNS) for that part of the domain tree for which a name server is responsible. The primary name server administers the zone, while mirroring on several secondary name servers is intended to increase availability in the event of server failures.